Targeting the Gut for Early Diagnosis, Prevention, and Cure of Diabetic Kidney Disease: Is the Phenyl Sulfate Story Another Step Forward?

Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Enrico Fiaccadori, Carmela Cosola, Alice Sabatino
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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"Gut Microbiota-Circadian Clock Axis" in Deciphering the Mechanism Linking Early-Life Nutritional Environment and Abnormal Glucose Metabolism. Int J Endocrinol. 2019;2019:5893028 Authors: Zhou L, Kang L, Xiao X, Jia L, Zhang Q, Deng M Abstract The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) has been increasing dramatically worldwide, but the pathogenesis is still unknown. A growing amount of evidence suggests that an abnormal developmental environment in early life increases the risk of developing metabolic diseases in adult life, which is referred to as the "metabolic memory" and the Deve...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Authors: Wego MT, Poualeu Kamani SL, Miaffo D, Nchouwet ML, Kamanyi A, Wansi Ngnokam SL Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the aqueous extract of Baillonella toxisperma stem bark on dexamethasone-induced insulin resistance in rats. A quantitative phytochemical study was done on the aqueous extract of Baillonella toxisperma for the total phenol, flavonoid, and flavonol determination. Insulin resistance was induced by intraperitoneal injection of dexamethasone (1 mg/kg) for 8 days, one hour before oral administration of different treatments (extract at doses of 60, 120, and 24...
Source: Advances in Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Adv Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion The present study showed that high plasma glucose levels and severe liver fibrosis stage influence insulin secretion levels in Japanese patients with NAFLD. Conservation of delayed insulin secretion levels was confirmed in patients with severe liver fibrosis. PMID: 31534089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the P. lobata extract has the potential to prevent AMD development by inhibiting the mechanism underlying oxidative stress-mediated ocular disorders. PMID: 31534464 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Abstract The immune system is involved in the development of diabetes complications and IgG Fc gamma receptors (FcgRs) are key immune receptors responsible for the effective control of both humoral and innate immunity. We investigated the effects of members of the FcgR superfamily into both the streptozotocin plus high fat-induced type 2 diabetes and high fat diet (HFD) models. FcgRIII-/- diabetic mice and FcgRIIb-/- diabetic mice had elevated levels of serum creatinine compared with wildtype (WT) diabetic mice. Renal histology of diabetic FcgRIII knockout and FcgRIIb knockout mice showed mesangial expansion and G...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Mercedes Muñoz, Maria Elvira López-Oliva, Claudia Rodríguez, María Pilar Martínez, Javier Sáenz-Medina, Ana Sánchez, Belén Climent, Sara Benedito, Albino García-Sacristán, Luis Rivera, Medardo Hernández, Dolores PrietoAbstractOxidative stress-associated endothelial dysfunction is a key pathogenic factor underlying the microvascular complications of metabolic disease. NADPH oxidase (Nox) is a major source of oxidative stress in diabetic nephropathy and chronic kidne...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionSeverely anemic patients in critical condition can survive necrotizing fasciitis with a well-planned interdisciplinary approach without compromising patient autonomy.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Abu Sufiyan Chhipa, Swapnil P. Borse, Ruma Baksi, Sunali Lalotra, Manish NivsarkarAbstractCancer and diabetes are the two major disorders that affect a large proportion of the world’s population. Results from multiple epidemiological studies have concluded that diabetes and cancer are linked and diabetic patients live at much higher risks of developing cancer and diabetic complications at the later phase of disease. Inflammation is the central pathway that mediates both diabetic complications as well as cancer. Rec...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Point-of-care HbA1c testing should not be used in solidarity to diagnosis pre-diabetes and diabetes. When using HbA1c results to guide therapy, self-monitoring of blood glucose and symptoms of both hypo- and hyperglycemia should be correlated to help determine appropriate therapy. PMID: 31536634 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
Abstract: The US industrial revolution led to a significant increase in the amount of dietary sugar consumed annually. The impact has become a public health crisis over the past several decades. The consequences are seen in the dramatic rise in rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease.
Source: The Nurse Practitioner - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature: SUGAR CONSUMPTION Source Type: research
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