The impact of different drinking habits on marijuana use among college-aged youths

Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Zefeng BaiAbstractThe present study investigates the impact of two drinking habits – moderate drinking and heavy drinking – on marijuana use among college-aged youths. Utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 97 (NLSY97), this paper reveals that there is a positive association between both drinking habits and marijuana use in the long run, indicating that alcohol and marijuana are complements. However, in the short run, the association between marijuana and alcohol varies based on different drinking habits. The present study also provides evidence that underage drinking might lead to marijuana use among people younger than 21.
Source: The Social Science Journal - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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Abstract BACKGROUND: In the past years numerous studies have investigated the efficacy of baclofen for alcohol dependence. After publication of several reviews a number of new randomized controlled trials have been published. Two recent meta-analyses, based on largely the same studies, reported contrary results. One meta-analysis showed a positive effect on time to relapse and abstinence at endpoint. The other meta-analysis did not show an effect on the primary outcome measures. AIM: To clarify the clinical relevance of the effect of baclofen on alcohol use in patients with a disorder in the use of alcohol, in the...
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There are four distinct youth alcohol-use patterns. The high probability of transitioning to drinking during the secondary school years suggests the need for preventive interventions in earlier stages of use, before drinking becomes habitual. PMID: 31517467 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research
In this study, a thermally and electrically shape memory polymer was prepared with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) filled with short carbon fibers (SCFs) by the electro-mixed fusion preparation method. SCFs could be evenly distributed in the PVA matrix by this novel method. The formation of stable network structures by SCFs rearranged in the PVA matrix further improves the electrical conductivity and the mechanical properties of the PVA. In the process of shape memory recovery, the recovery ratio of PVA/SCF composites by electrical stimulation was higher than that by thermal stimulation, and the recovery time could be precisely co...
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Ryan E. Harvey, Laura E. Berkowitz, Derek A. Hamilton, Benjamin J. ClarkAbstractThe consumption of alcohol during gestation is detrimental to the developing central nervous system. One functional outcome of this exposure is impaired spatial processing, defined as sensing and integrating information pertaining to spatial navigation and spatial memory. The hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, and anterior thalamus are brain regions implicated in spatial processing and are highly susceptible to the effects of developmental...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Let’s dive into this week’s Psychology Around the Net for some perspective on how we decide to trust the news we trust, new research on a hormone we secrete when we’re panicked, a survey that shows happy people don’t just ignore the social issues around them, and more. Substance Use in the Food Service Industry: The American Addiction Centers recently conducted a survey that sheds some light on substance use among workers in the food service industry, an industry that is often stereotyped for drug and alcohol use. Among some of the findings: 10% of workers report they work while under the influence...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Psychology Around the Net Adhd food service Forgetfulness Happiness Hormones Inattention osteocalcin Pollyanna hypothesis sexism Social Issues Stress Substance Use women Source Type: blogs
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) produce an aerosol by heating a liquid that usually contains nicotine, flavorings, and other chemicals that users inhale, a behavior commonly referred to as "vaping." E-cigarettes can also be used to deliver marijuana a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Publication date: October 2019Source: The Lancet Neurology, Volume 18, Issue 10Author(s): Ewout W Steyerberg, Eveline Wiegers, Charlie Sewalt, Andras Buki, Giuseppe Citerio, Véronique De Keyser, Ari Ercole, Kevin Kunzmann, Linda Lanyon, Fiona Lecky, Hester Lingsma, Geoffrey Manley, David Nelson, Wilco Peul, Nino Stocchetti, Nicole von Steinbüchel, Thijs Vande Vyvere, Jan Verheyden, Lindsay Wilson, Andrew I R MaasSummaryBackgroundThe burden of traumatic brain injury (TBI) poses a large public health and societal problem, but the characteristics of patients and their care pathways in Europe are poorly understood....
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2019Source: Computers in Human BehaviorAuthor(s): Michael Lyvers, Delilah Cutinho, Fred Arne ThorbergAbstractThe tendency to disclose personal information on Facebook has been examined in relation to the broad Big Five personality factors (extraversion, openness, neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness), but the potential roles of more specific traits such as alexithymia and impulsivity are not known. The present study assessed the ability of these two traits, along with indices of disordered social media use, alcohol use, negative mood, and demographic factors, to pred...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Obesity along with smoking, poor diet, heavy alcohol use, and sedentary lifestyle are major causes of premature death. A number of observational studies have indicated that a high body mass index (BMI) is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease. However, the causal association between BMI and several other cardiovascular diseases, in particular aortic valve stenosis, was unknown.
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Although alcohol affects people in different ways and some people can drink more than others, drinking too much may cause a person to feel drunk. Learn more about the effects of alcohol by stage here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs Source Type: news
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