Value of CA-125 Glycoprotein in Predicting Acute Appendicitis; a Diagnostic Accuracy Study.

Conclusion: Considering the lower levels of CA-125 in patients with AA compared with NAA cases and also weak screening performance characteristics, it seems that it could not be considered as an accurate screening tool in this regard. PMID: 31432034 [PubMed]
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research

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ConclusionAlthough rare, imperforate hymen with retrograde menstruation that causes dilatation of the vagina and uterus (i.e., hematocolpometra) is an important consideration in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain in premenarchal females with abdominal pain. It is easily diagnosed by physical examination. However, if patient or parents refuse genital exam evaluation, imaging studies can greatly help with diagnosis. Ultrasound will show an echogenic fluid accumulation in the vagina that can extend to uterus.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsAppendectomy remains the most effective treatment for the definitive cure of acute appendicitis. However, antibiotic therapy can be a safe alternative approach for selected patients with uncomplicated acute appendicitis.Trial registrationDRKS00010401
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Abstract Coin batteries are often used in daily life devices and can be easily available. Children can swallow coin batteries, resulting in the need to go to hospital, but this is rare in adults. Adults generally eliminate the swallowed coin battery from the digestive system, unless they have congenital structural abnormalities of the digestive system or complications, such as postoperative stenosis. In this case, a 31-year-old man swallowed three coin batteries, approximately 0.4 cm in diameter emergent endoscopy was unable to find any batteries embedded in the ingested food. An attempt was made to rinse out the ...
Source: Korean J Gastroenter... - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Korean J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate how symptoms vary according to the appendiceal position in pediatric patients and to demonstrate that the laparoscopic approach is safe and effective in any appendiceal location by comparing each location to another. Methods: The medical records of 1,736 children aged 14 or younger who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy over a period of 14 years were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided according to the position of the appendiceal tip into four groups: anterior, pelvic, retrocecal and subhepatic. The Kruskal-Wallis and chi-square tests were used with the Bonferroni correction,...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONAppendiceal tubulo-villous adenoma is a rare neoplasm difficult to diagnose and suspect because of lack of pathognomonic symptoms and specific diagnostic signs. Acute appendicitis is the most common clinical presentation. Appendectomy is the appropriate treatment.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results demonstrate that urgent laparoscopic surgeries in the third trimester of pregnancy are feasible, and they can be safely performed with minimal risk for the patient and fetus. Larger prospective studies are required to validate these recommendations.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conclusion: Nonclosure of the peritoneum seems to shorten the duration of surgery without increasing complications during open appendectomy. Postoperative pain and life quality measures were not affected by nonclosure of the peritoneum. This trial is registered with NCT02803463. PMID: 31249637 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
We present two cases suspected of being AM prior to surgery that were pathologically diagnosed as low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms. Each case progressed without developing PP. The surgical procedures we chose are considered appropriate for each case.Case Rep Oncol 2019;12:488 –493
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe recommend laparoscopic appendectomy and totally extraperitoneal hernia repair with mesh after laparoscopic reduction for Amyand ’s hernia.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Metastatic tumors of the appendix are rare. Endometrial cancer tends to metastasize by directly invading neighboring structures; the lung, liver, bones, and brain are common sites of distant metastasis. Herein, we present a case of a solitary endometrial metastatic tumor in the appendiceal mucosa without serosal involvement that mimicked a primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix. The patient who had undergone a radical hysterectomy for an endometrioid adenocarcinoma 3 years earlier presented to the hospital with a history of persistent right-lower abdominal pain. Physical examination showed tension of the abdominal muscles,...
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: PATHOLOGY OF THE UPPER GENITAL TRACT: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research
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