The Incidence and Associated Factors of Sudden Death in Patients on Hemodialysis: 10-Year Outcome of the Q-Cohort Study.

CONCLUSIONS: This study clarified the incidence of sudden death and its specific predictors in Japanese patients on hemodialysis. PMID: 31434843 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The results suggest that an immunosuppressive state develops at the terminal stage of severe leptospirosis with pulmonary hemorrhage and shock similar to that of patients with septic shock, with diffuse endothelial activation in the spleen, splenitis, and signs of disturbance in the innate and adaptive immunity in the spleen. The presence of leptospiral antigens in 73% of the spleens of the leptospirosis patients suggests the etiological agent contributes directly to the pathogenesis of the lesions. Our results support therapeutic approaches involving antibiotic and immunomodulatory treatments for leptospirosis...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Calcific uremic arteriolopathy, also called calciphylaxis, is a rare and severe disorder that presents with skin ischemia and necrosis, sometimes it presents with systemic necrosis, the process is secondary to the obliteration of the arterioles first by sub-intimal calcium deposits and then by thrombosis. These lesions can often lead to death due to infectious complications and comorbidities such as diabetes, obesity, arteritis, diffuse vascular calcifications, heart disease and undernutrition. The diagnosis is suggested by the characteristic ischemic skin lesions and their distribution, often bilateral a...
Source: Nephrologie and Therapeutique - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrol Ther Source Type: research
Discussion Potassium (K+) is an alkali metal (Group 1 of periodic table with Hydrogen, Lithium and Sodium) with an anatomic number of 19. Its chemical symbol K, comes from the medieval Latin, kalium which means potash (mainly potassium carbonate or potassium hydroxide), the substance it was first isolated from. Potassium is an important cation and it mainly resides in the intracellular fluid with only a small amount in the extracellular fluid. Potassium regulates cell volume, pH and enzyme functions. Hyperkalemia is defined as a potassium level> 5.5 mEq/L in children and> 6.0 mEq/L in newborns. Hyperkalemia incre...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
​BY ANDRZEJ KIELTYKA, PA; PARDEEP THANDI, MD; &ANUMEHA SINGH, MDA 56-year-old man presented to the emergency department with shortness of breath for one month and pleural effusions on an outpatient chest x-ray. He had been taking adalimumab, methotrexate, and steroids for arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome.A right pleural effusion in a patient with nephrotic syndrome.His monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) was monitored annually, but no medical intervention beyond surveillance was required. He had excessive thirst but normal urine output. He noted face and hand swelling in the morning that gave wa...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
AbstractThe Cobalt Chromium Everolimus-Eluting Stent (CoCr-EES) Post Marketing Surveillance (PMS) Japan study is a prospective multicenter registry designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of XIENCE V/PROMUS everolimus-eluting stents in routine clinical practice at 47 centers representative of the clinical environment in Japan. We enrolled 2010 consecutive patients (2649 lesions) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention using CoCr-EES. Clinical outcomes were evaluated through 5  years. Mean age was 68.8 years, 41.9% had diabetes, 4.9% received hemodialysis. Five-year clinical follow up was available f...
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract A 60‐year‐old African American man with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis (HD) for the past 2.5 years developed severe hyperparathyroidism. Other past medical history included atrial fibrillation, type II diabetes mellitus, hypertension, gout, pericardial effusion needing pericardial window, deep vein thrombosis, mitral insufficiency, and cardiomyopathy with implantable cardioversion device placement. His parathyroid hormone (PTH) level peaked at 4,191 pg/mL despite being on cinacalcet, sevelamer, and paricalcitol. He underwent a subtotal parathyroidectomy in January 2015, after which his PTH levels drop...
Source: Hemodialysis International - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Hemodialysis access complications do not seem to explain the association between access type and mortality. Clinical trials are needed to clarify whether these associations are causal or reflect confounding by underlying disease severity. PMID: 28522650 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin J Am Soc Nephrol Source Type: research
Discussion Alteplase and urokinase are effective thrombolytic agents for restoring HD catheter patency. Our study has revealed a likely slight superiority of alteplase over urokinase for unblocking central lines, but which has enrolled too few patients to be able to detect a difference of this size.
Source: Hemodialysis International - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Discussion Low dose heparin is adequate to maintain tunnelled hemodialysis catheter patency when compared with high dose heparin. The study also suggests that there is no relationship between catheter malfunction and diabetic, hypertensive or smoking status.
Source: Hemodialysis International - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions The rate of catheter-related complications was high in patients with end-stage renal disease in Henan Province. Our finding suggest that strategies should be implemented to decrease complication rates.
Source: BMJ Open - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Open access, Renal medicine, Urology Research Source Type: research
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