2019 Clinical Practice Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Korea.

2019 Clinical Practice Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Korea. Diabetes Metab J. 2019 Aug;43(4):398-406 Authors: Kim MK, Ko SH, Kim BY, Kang ES, Noh J, Kim SK, Park SO, Hur KY, Chon S, Moon MK, Kim NH, Kim SY, Rhee SY, Lee KW, Kim JH, Rhee EJ, Chun S, Yu SH, Kim DJ, Kwon HS, Park KS, Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines, Korean Diabetes Association Abstract The Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines of the Korean Diabetes Association revised and updated the 6th Clinical Practice Guidelines in 2019. Targets of glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were updated. The obese and overweight population is increasing steadily in Korea, and half of the Koreans with diabetes are obese. Evidence-based recommendations for weight-loss therapy for obesity management as treatment for hyperglycemia in T2DM were provided. In addition, evidence from large clinical studies assessing cardiovascular outcomes following the use of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists in patients with T2DM were incorporated into the recommendations. PMID: 31441247 [PubMed]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research

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Conclusions: MetS is associated with physical inactivity and unhealthy diet. To increase LTPA recommendations and raise awareness in the population about the health benefits of PA and high adherence to MD is highly recommended.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionType 2 diabetics are at risk of OSA and STOP-BANG questionnaire could detect nearly 50%. The screening is simple and can be used in primary care setting. These sub-set of patients can be subjected to gold standard polysomnography at home or in hospital for further management.
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
, Silva RAA Abstract In women, aging is evidenced by physiological hormonal alterations that trigger changes in body composition, emergence of chronic low-grade inflammation, which is an important pre-disposition to the development of chronic diseases such as Systemic Arterial Hypertension (SAH) and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Although it is a strong pro-inflammatory nature disorder, little is known about how body composition interferes with inflammatory markers in diabetic and hypertensive elderly women. Therefore, this study's objective was to evaluate the inflammation in diabetic and hypertensive elderly w...
Source: Experimental Gerontology - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Exp Gerontol Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a growing challenge to global public health. It is defined as the increased accumulation of hepatic triglyceride (>5%) in the absence of excessive alcohol consumption or other causes of liver disease. The NAFLD spectrum encompasses steatosis (non-alcoholic fatty liver, NAFL) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), an inflammatory form of the condition marked by the presence of hepatocyte damage and progressive fibrosis that may lead to cirrhosis.[1,2] Although NAFLD may occur in patients with normal weight, it is closely associated with the presence of the metabolic syndrom...
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
This study compares the baseline characteristics of Chinese patients with T2DM taking different prescriptions of first injectable therapy (GLP-1-RA or insulin). METHODS: The IQVIA Patient Diary Study database, which captures data from a patient medical record-based physician online survey, was the data source used in this study. Cross-sectional patient data were collected from hospitals in 15 major Chinese cities from June 1, 2016, to June 30, 2018. Adults with T2DM commencing either GLP-1-RA or insulin use as their first injectable antidiabetic therapy were included. Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics ...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the interrelation between circulating OPN and NAFLD in T2DM patients. Overall, 249 subjects were classified into 4 groups: 53 patients with NAFLD and T2DM; 57 with newly diagnosed T2DM; 59 with NAFLD; and 80 healthy age- and sex-matched controls. Serum OPN was measured by ELISA. The OPN distribution in the pooled data was divided into quartiles; significant trends across increasing quartiles were estimated by the Cochran-Armitage trend test. Compared with the controls, circulating OPN concentrations were significantly elevated in NAFLD patients and T2DM patients with or without NAFLD. Serum ...
Source: Cytokine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Cytokine Source Type: research
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Source: Acta Diabetologica - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): David de Paulo Farias, Fábio Fernandes de Araújo, Iramaia Angélica Neri-Numa, Glaucia Maria PastoreAbstractBackgroundCurrently, there is a growing interest in the identification of new molecules that promote health and exhibit potential for technological applications. Prebiotics are functional ingredients naturally occurring in some plant and animal foods that have received considerable attention from the pharmaceutical and food industries due to their positive health effects. With an increasing ...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
ConclusionsEating psychopathology is frequently observed in patients with T2DM. Among individuals with T2DM, co-morbid ED is associated with a poorer glycemic control in the presence of a higher BMI. The presence of an eating disordered behavior in patients with T2DM seems to have clinical relevance in the usual care of patients with diabetes. Therefore, we recommend eating psychopathology should be routinely assessed in T2DM patients.
Source: Journal of Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
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