Prevalence of co-occurring mental health diagnoses in the autism population: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Meng-Chuan Lai, Caroline Kassee, Richard Besney, Sarah Bonato, Laura Hull, William Mandy, Peter Szatmari, Stephanie H AmeisSummaryBackgroundCo-occurring mental health or psychiatric conditions are common in autism, impairing quality of life. Reported prevalences of co-occurring mental health or psychiatric conditions in people with autism range widely. Improved prevalence estimates and identification of moderators are needed to enhance recognition and care, and to guide future research.MethodsIn this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and grey literature for publications between Jan 1, 1993, and Feb 1, 2019, in English or French, that reported original research using an observational design on the prevalence of co-occurring mental health conditions in people with autism and reported confirmed clinical diagnoses of the co-occurring conditions and autism using DSM or ICD criteria. For co-occurring mental health conditions reported with at least 15 datapoints (studies), we assessed risk of bias and we determined pooled estimates of prevalence for different co-occurring conditions in autism using random-effects models, and descriptively compared these with prevalence estimates for the general population from the literature (post hoc). We investigated heterogeneity in prevalence estimates using random-effects meta-regression mode...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Authors: Soumah A, Avettand-Fenoel V, Veber F, Moshous D, Mahlaoui N, Blanche S, Frange P Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome of HIV-infected individuals attending one of the largest French pediatric HIV centers in 2016-2017 and to compare the rates of antiretroviral coverage and virological suppression with the UNAIDS targets. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical and immuno-virological status of 163 HIV-1-infected children and adolescents attending Necker Hospital in Paris, France, were investigated. Virological suppression was defined as an HIV-1 viral load
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): S. Gentile, F. Strollo, E. Satta, T. Della-Corte, C. Romano, G. Guarino, Nefrocenter Research Study Group: Nephrologists, Diabetologists, NursesSummaryDiabetes Mellitus (DM) is the most common cause of renal failure and ESRD all over the world, and often requires an individualized insulin treatment regimen. Malnutrition, depression-related eating behavior changes, high on-off-dialysis day-to-day glycemic variability and frequent hypoglycemic events occurring during or immediately after dialy...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Mahdieh Sedighi Pashaki, Jamal Asad Mezel, Zahra Mokhtari, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh, Parisa Shahbazi Hesabi, Taban Nematifard, Soore KhakiAbstractDepression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in patients with diabetes, which can exacerbate and accelerate adverse diabetes complaints by reducing self-care behaviors and medication adherence. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression in Iranian patients with diabetes. The search was conducted in the database...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, we have used a novel DNAzyme based approach to create a larval model of FXS in zebrafish with specific focus on the early developmental window.MethodsFmr1specific DNAzymes were electroporated into embryos to create theknockdown. Changes in RNA and protein levels of FMRP and relevant biomarkers were measured in the 0-7dpf window. Behavioral tests to measure anxiety, cognitive impairments and irritability in the larvae were conducted at the 7dpf stage. Drug treatment was carried out at various time points in the 0-7dpf window to identify the critical window for pharmacological intervention.ResultsThe DNAzyme b...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study showed that three EFT sessions administered in a group setting, reduced and helped them better cope with exam anxiety as well as other anxiety indicators in nursing students.
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the risk behaviors of adolescents with T1D and the effect of orthorexic eating behaviors (OEB) on glycemic control (GC). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 107 adolescents with T1D who were between 13-18 years of age and attended high school. The risk behavior scale (RBS) and orthorexic behavior scale (ORTO-11) were administered to the participants. A high RBS score indicates risky behavior; a low ORTO-11 score suggests a tendency to OEB. At the same time, participants were tested for GC and categorized as optimal GC (HbA1c ≤7%) or poor GC (HbA1c>7%). Result...
Source: JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol Source Type: research
ConclusionThis is the first report in the literature of a causative relation between methylphenidate and the development of SSc, a serious, life-threatening condition. Patients treated with CNS stimulants should be followed closely for side-effects such as RP and skin changes.
Source: Autoimmunity Reviews - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
But You Can Drive With Marijuana or Cartons of Marlboros in Your Car To Your Heart's ContentJacob Sullum, a senior editor atReason, has revealed a striking set of provisions in thebill (H4183) passed by the Massachusetts House of Representatives on Wednesday. These provisions would allow the police to seize your vehicle if you possess any DIY or black market e-liquids in your car.The relevant provision in the bill reads as follows:" When the commissioner or a police officer discovers an untaxed electronic nicotine delivery system in the possession of a person who is not a licensed or commissioner-authorized electronic...
Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs
ConclusionesLos resultados indican que los síntomas negativos y el funcionamiento premórbido predicen directamente la funcionalidad, mientras que los factores cognitivos muestran interacciones más complejas con los síntomas negativos y la funcionalidad. Estos resultados deberían ser considerados para nuevas estrategias de intervención.AbstractIntroductionAlthough it is well-known that several factors such as symptoms and cognition are related with functional outcome in schizophrenia, the complex nature of the disorder makes necessary to study their interaction by means of a more an...
Source: Revista de Psiquiatria y Salud Mental - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results highlight rumination as a two-edged sword that reflects a disease-specific neuropathology but also points to a functionality of depressive symptoms with evolutionary meaning.
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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