Molecular modeling and MD-simulation studies: Fast and reliable tool to study the role of low-redox bacterial laccases in the decolorization of various commercial dyes.

Molecular modeling and MD-simulation studies: Fast and reliable tool to study the role of low-redox bacterial laccases in the decolorization of various commercial dyes. Environ Pollut. 2019 Oct;253:1056-1065 Authors: Ahlawat S, Singh D, Virdi JS, Sharma KK Abstract Synthetic dyes are toxic and carcinogenic in nature, which also causes environmental pollution. The present study was aimed to decolorize various commercial dyes using purified recombinant bacterial laccases. Laccase gene from Yersinia enterocolitica strain 8081 (yacK), Y. enterocolitica strain 7 (yacK) and Bacillus pumilus DSKK1 was cloned in vector pET28a and overproduced in host Escherichia coli BL21. The high yield of recombinant laccase protein resulted in the formation of inclusion bodies, which were further solubilized, refolded, and purified. The purified recombinant laccases were alkali-tolerant and thermostable, with pH optima at 7-8, temperature optima at 60-70 °C and low redox potential. For in silico studies, laccase protein models of B. pumilus DSKK1, Y. enterocolitica strain 7 and Y. enterocolitica strain 8081 were docked with commercial dyes. This is the first and foremost study where the stability of docked complexes of pathogenic and non-pathogenic microorganism has been explored via molecular dynamics (MD) simulations using Gromacs version 4.5.5 with the gromos96 43a force field. Finally, the in silico results were validated experimentally and it wa...
Source: Environmental Pollution - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Pollut Source Type: research

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Authors: Casanovas-Moreno-Torres I, Gutiérrez-Soto B, Modovan TD, Expósito-Ruiz M, Navarro-Marí JM, Gutiérrez-Fernández J Abstract The activity of azithromycin against enteritis-producing agents other than Campylobacter spp. was studied. The susceptibility to azithromycin, through gradient test, of 88 clinical isolates (51 Salmonella spp., 23 Aeromonas spp., 10 Shigella sonnei and 4 Yersinia enterocolitica) for one year was studied prospectively. The results were compared with the activity of ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and ciprofloxacin by microdilution. For azithro...
Source: New Microbiologica - Category: Microbiology Tags: New Microbiol Source Type: research
The use of molecular diagnostics for pathogen detection in epidemiological studies have allowed us to get a wider view of the pathogens associated with diarrhea, but the presence of enteropathogens in asymptomatic individuals has raised several challenges in understanding the etiology of diarrhea, and the use of these platforms in clinical diagnosis as well. To characterize the presence of the most relevant bacterial enteropathogens in diarrheal episodes, we evaluated here the prevalence of diarrheagenic E. coli pathotypes, Salmonella spp., and Yersinia enterocolitica in stool samples of children with and without diarrhea ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
The bacteriological diagnosis of intestinal bacterial infections has historically been based on culture on agar plates. However, culture may lack sensitivity, and some enteropathogens, such as pathovars of Escherichia coli, may escape routine diagnosis. Our goal was to evaluate the analytical performance of the Novodiag Bacterial GE+ kit for the detection of enteropathogenic bacteria in acute community diarrhea. We included 251 stools in this study (198 retrospective and 53 prospective). The analytical performance was calculated using a composite reference standard (CRS) in the absence of a perfect gold standard (lack of s...
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Bacteriology Source Type: research
Abstract Many Gram-negative enteric pathogens, including enteropathogenic and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EPEC and EHEC), Salmonella, Shigella, and Yersinia species have evolved strategies to combat host defence mechanisms. Critical bacterial virulence factors, which often include but are not limited to type III secreted effector proteins, are deployed to cooperatively interfere with key host defence pathways. Recent studies in this area have not only contributed to our knowledge of bacterial pathogenesis, but have also shed light on the host pathways that are critical for controlling bacterial infection. ...
Source: Current Opinion in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Microbiol Source Type: research
CexE is a 12 kDa protein that was originally reported to be present in just three strains of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC); a frequent cause of diarrheal illnesses worldwide. However, an examination of sequenced genomes has revealed that CexE is actually present in a majority of ETEC strains. In addition, homologs of CexE are present in enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC), Yersinia enterocolitica, Providencia alcalifaciens, and Citrobacter rodentium. Although it has been hypothesized that CexE and its homologs are virulence factors, this has yet to be tested. Thus the primary aim of this study was to determine if th...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractProtein degradation by aminopeptidases is involved in bacterial responses to stress.Escherichia coli produces two metal ‐dependent M17 family leucine aminopeptidases (LAPs), aminopeptidase A (PepA) and aminopeptidase B (PepB). Several structures have been solved for PepA as well as other bacterial M17 peptidases. Herein, we report the first structures of a PepB M17 peptidase. TheE. coli PepB protein structure was determined at a resolution of 2.05 and 2.6 Å. One structure has both Zn2+ and Mn2+, while the second structure has two Zn2+ ions bound to the active site. A 2.75  Å apo structure is al...
Source: Protein Science - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: FULL ‐LENGTH PAPERS Source Type: research
Abstract Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a global primary pathogenic bacterium causing diarrhoea in human and a wide variety of neonatal animals. Lactococcus lactis as non-pathogenic and food-grade lactic acid bacteria has already been explored as a vector for mucosal vaccine. Here, the current study was undertaken to evaluate the live recombinant L. lactis (rL. lactis) vaccine expressing the trivalent enterotoxin protein STa-LTB-STb and the F5 fimbrial antigen (SLS-F5) with OmpH of Yersinia enterocolitica in protection against ETEC. Western blot confirmed the expression of fusion protein SLS-F5-OmpH in...
Source: Immunology Letters - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Immunol Lett Source Type: research
To counteract the deadly pathogens, i.e., Y. pestis, Y. enetrocolitica, and Y. pseudotuberculosis, we prepared a recombinant DNA construct lcrV-hsp70 encoding the bivalent fusion protein LcrV-HSP70. The lcrV gene of Y. pestis and hsp70 domain II DNA fragment of M. tuberculosis were amplified by PCR. The lcrV amplicon was first ligated in the pET vector using NcoI and BamHI restriction sites. Just downstream to the lcrV gene, the hsp70 domain II was ligated using BamHI and Hind III restriction sites. The in-frame and the orientation of cloned lcrV-hsp70 were checked by restriction analysis and nucleotide sequencing. The rec...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study demonstrated high resolution and repeatability in detecting organisms of rare existence, and the results could be used as guidance for future bacterial pathogen isolation.
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to identify and isolate lactic acid bacterial (LAB) strains from the intestinal tracts of pigs and feces of dogs and then characterize them as potential probiotics with antimicrobial activity against multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. In a preliminary isolation screening, 45 of 1167 isolated LAB strains were found to have anti-S. aureus ATCC 27,735 activity. Using 16S rDNA and 16S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer region (ISR) sequences, five of these isolates were further identified as Lactobacillus animalis 30a-2, Lactobacillus reuteri 4-12E, Weissella cibaria C34, Lactococcus lactis 5-12H,...
Source: Archives of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Arch Microbiol Source Type: research
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