Outcome of varicocelectomy on different degrees of total motile sperm count: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Outcome of varicocelectomy on different degrees of total motile sperm count: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Syst Biol Reprod Med. 2019 Aug 21;:1-7 Authors: Wang Q, Yu Y, Liu Y, Wang L Abstract It is crucial to identify the subfertile men with varicocele who will benefit the most from varicocelectomy, and the factors which help in predicting the response to varicocelectomy. We aimed to evaluate the impact of varicocelectomy on total motile sperm count (TMSC) and spontaneous pregnancy (SP) rates. A comprehensive literature search was performed using Medline/PubMed and Google Scholar up to December 26, 2018, with no restriction on language and year of publication. Published articles reporting different degrees of TMSC before and after varicocelectomy in infertile men with varicocele (palpable and/or clinical) were extracted. In addition, SP rates as a function of TMSC after varicocelectomy were reviewed. Potential biases were analyzed to rule out skewing factors. Mean TMSC was graded as: 10 million - mild. Data were analyzed using Stata11. Among the total 96 articles identified through electronic and manual searches of references, nine articles fulfilling the inclusion criteria were included. All degrees of TMSC resulted in a significant postoperative improvement, with only small differences, among the profound [10.20 million (95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.11-11.30, p
Source: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Syst Biol Reprod Med Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe rate of successful TESE and the ICSI outcome in cancer survivors with NOA and RE/FOE is the same as non-cancer azoospermic patients. Female partner age (older than 40  years) was associated with a significant reduction in live birth rates after TESE-ICSI procedures.
Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsBlack and Hispanic oocyte donation recipients experience lower clinical pregnancy rates and Black recipients experience lower live birth rates compared to White recipients. Racially discordant donor oocyte cycles involving donors and recipients of different races present an opportunity to further investigate the cause of disparity.
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe quantity of TQBs available for transfer or cryopreservation can provide important predictors for pregnancy and live birth after the first embryo transfer cycle with a single blastocyst. This valuable information may assist with the future application of SBT.
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy, particularly combined with a history of infertility, confers increased risk of diabetes but not CAC among glucose-intolerant premenopausal women. PMID: 31955207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Conclusion: Normal high-serum TSH levels within the reference range (0.4-4.0 mIU/L) measured before treatment seemed to have no adverse impact on the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing their first IUI treatment cycle. PMID: 31933640 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the effects of phytocannabinoids, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), in proliferation and differentiation of ESCs, as well as, in E2 metabolism/signaling. We found that CBD, but not THC, inhibits ESCs differentiation. We also show that CBD prevents the increase on transcript levels of CYP19A1 gene and the elevation of E2 levels that are observed in differentiating ESCs. Moreover, we found that CBD presents anti-aromatase activity. In overall, we highlight a novel effect of CBD on human endometrial differentiation, which may lead to infertility problems.
Source: Reproductive Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewYoung women represent a minority of breast cancer patients for which fertility, family planning, and pregnancy represent unique vulnerabilities. This review intends to discuss recent published evidence regarding treatment-related infertility, fertility counseling, and preservation.Recent FindingsFertility concerns are common among young women with breast cancer and may negatively affect treatment decisions. Data is available to aid providers in approximating odds of post-treatment amenorrhea and infertility. Multiple fertility preservation techniques are available. While embryo preservation is most...
Source: Current Breast Cancer Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Infertility is currently a growing problem observed around the world and is estimated to affect between 8 and 12% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide. Artificial reproductive techniques are the last chance for couples seeking their own child. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G expression has been suggested as an immunomodulatory molecule that influences pregnancy outcome. The HLA-G gene encodes either membrane-bound or/and soluble proteins. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the role of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) and its gene polymorphism in successful implantation after in vitro fertilization embryo transfers (IVF-ET...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: While avoiding unnecessary embryo transfers and miscarriages are important goals, patients and doctors need to be aware of the high cost implications of applying PGT-A using aCGH on polar bodies. FUNDING: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. The ESTEEM study was funded by the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology. Illumina provided microarrays and other consumables necessary for aCGH testing of polar bodies. PMID: 31930663 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: BJOG Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 January 2020Source: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental MutagenesisAuthor(s): Michael Fenech, Nina Holland, Micheline Kirsch-Volders, Lisbeth E. Knudsen, Karl-Heinz Wagner, Helga Stopper, Siegfried Knasmueller, Claudia Bolognesi, Randa El-Zein, Stefano BonassiAbstractThe “Micronuclei and Disease” workshop was organized by the HUMN Project consortium and hosted by the European Environmental Mutagen and Genomics Society at their annual meeting in Rennes, France, on 23 May 2019. The program of the workshop focused on addressing the emerging evidence linking ...
Source: Mutation Research Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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