Identification of novel TGF-β regulated genes with pro-migratory roles

In this study, we performed RNA-sequencing analysis of MCF10A cells and identified 1166 genes that were upregulated and 861 genes that were downregulated by TGF-β. Gene set enrichment analysis revealed that focal adhesion and metabolic pathways were the top enriched pathways of the up- and downregulated genes, respectively. Genes in these pathways also possess significant predictive value for renal cancers. Moreover, we confirmed that TGF-β induced expression of MICAL1 and 2, and the histone demethylase, KDM7A, and revealed their regulatory roles on TGF-β-induced cell migration. We also show a critical effect of KDM7A in regulating the acetylation of H3K27 on TGF-β-induced genes. In sum, this study identified novel effectors that mediate the pro-migratory role of TGF-β signaling, paving the way for future studies that investigate the function of MICAL family members in cancer and the novel epigenetic mechanisms downstream TGF-β signaling.
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

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Source: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology - Category: Physiology Tags: Int J Physiol Pathophysiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
In this study, researchers studied 438,952 participants in the UK Biobank, who had a total of 24,980 major coronary events - defined as the first occurrence of non-fatal heart attack, ischaemic stroke, or death due to coronary heart disease. They used an approach called Mendelian randomisation, which uses naturally occurring genetic differences to randomly divide the participants into groups, mimicking the effects of running a clinical trial. People with genes associated with lower blood pressure, lower LDL cholesterol, and a combination of both were put into different groups, and compared against those without thes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
i H. G. Wright Miguel Beato The growth of cancer cells as oncospheres in three-dimensional (3D) culture provides a robust cell model for understanding cancer progression, as well as for early drug discovery and validation. We have previously described a novel pathway in breast cancer cells, whereby ADP (Adenosine diphosphate)-ribose derived from hydrolysis of poly (ADP-Ribose) and pyrophosphate (PPi) are converted to ATP, catalysed by the enzyme NUDT5 (nucleotide diphosphate hydrolase type 5). Overexpression of the NUDT5 gene in breast and other cancer types is associated with poor prognosis, increased risk of recurr...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
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Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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Source: European Biophysics Journal : EBJ - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Eur Biophys J Source Type: research
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Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Cell Research - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, in the absence of obesity, visceral adipose tissue possesses a pronounced anti-inflammatory phenotype during aging which is further enhanced by exercise. Methods of Inducing Cellular Damage are Rarely Relevant to Aging, and the Details Matter https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/08/methods-of-inducing-cellular-damage-are-rarely-relevant-to-aging-and-the-details-matter/ One of the major challenges in aging research is determining whether or not models of cellular or organismal damage and its consequences are in any way relevant to the natural processes of aging. One can hit a brick with...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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