In vivo stabilization of OPA1 in hepatocytes potentiates mitochondrial respiration and gluconeogenesis in a prohibitin-dependent way Cell Biology

In conclusion, mitochondrial dynamics participates in the control of hepatic glucose production.
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Editors ' Picks Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: forty-eight variants were identified in five genes including ABCB4, ABCB11, ATP8B1, SLC4A2 and GPBAR1, twenty-five of which were novel. This study expands the phenotypic and mutational spectrum in genes involved in bile acid homeostasis and highlights the genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity in patients with inherited liver disorders. PMID: 31538484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2019Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental HepatologyAuthor(s): Shivaram Prasad Singh, Rakesh Kumar BarikAbstractNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease worldwide. NAFLD encompasses a spectrum of disease ranging from simple steatosis (NAFL) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, despite the growing recognition of this important disease burden, there are significant challenges to accurately and non-invasively diagnose the various forms of NAFLD, especially to differentiate benig...
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2019Source: Molecular and Cellular EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Luca Clemente, Derek S. Boeldt, Mary A. Grummer, Mayu Morita, Terry K. Morgan, Greg J. Wiepz, Paul J. Bertics, Ian M. BirdAbstractDuring pregnancy, uterine vascular vasodilation is enhanced through adapted Ca2+ signaling, facilitated through increased endothelial connexin 43 (Cx43) gap junctional communication (GJC). In preeclampsia (PE), this adaptive response is missing. Of note, the angiogenic factor VEGF can also act via Src and ERK to close Cx43 gap junctions. While VEGFR2 is necessary for such closure, a role VE...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Discussion of Developmental Effects on Aging Microtubule Function and Longevity in Nematodes Quantifying the Correlation Between Poverty and Faster Pace of Aging Matthew O'Connor Presenting on Underdog Pharmaceuticals at Undoing Aging 2019 Here Matthew O'Connor of the SENS Research Foundation talks about the research that led to founding of Underdog Pharmaceuticals, a biotech startup incubated by the foundation to commercialize a means of targeting 7-ketocholesterol in atheroscleros...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Serial thoracentesis may be recommended for management of hepatic hydrothorax and surgical management can be a useful option in patients with refractory hepatic hydrothorax, alternative to pigtail drainage. PMID: 31538429 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Dong Y, Li G Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common forms of chronic liver disease in developed countries and is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome. It is defined as steatosis in over 5% of hepatocytes. The disease spectrum of NAFLD ranges from simple fatty liver to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, liver fibrosis, even hepatic cirrhosis. The disease affects various extra-hepatic systems such as the cardiovascular system and urinary system. Heart-related disease is identified as the leading cause of mor...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results suggest that steatotic grafts should be used for recipients without severe liver failure to avoid ABS, and that endoscopic stenting of post-LT ABS leads to a high success rate, but is associated with a significant risk of recurrence.
Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Siwiec E, Szynkowska A, Milkiewicz M, Marlicz W, Stachowska E Abstract Conjugated dienes of linoleic acid (CLA) are constitutional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid that are commonly used as dietary supplements during body mass reduction. Their role in the reduction of lipid deposits in liver tissue is not unequivocal. CLA contain an equimolar mixture of two isomers of linoleic acid: trans-10,cis-12 CLA and cis-9,trans-11. Only one isomer - trans-10,cis-12 CLA exhibits fat-reducing properties, cis-9,trans-11 CLA does not. The main goal of this study was to determine if CLA isomers affect the activatio...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
In conclusion, TSF improved lipid accumulation and hepatic steatosis by inducing the AMPK/SIRT1 pathway-mediated autophagy. Introduction Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a worldwide health concern due to the increased incidence of obesity and diabetes. In addition, NAFLD is closely associated with the risk factors of coronary heart disease, such as metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia, which are considered to be the leading causes of death (Wiest et al., 2017). Although our understanding of the pathogenesis of NAFLD has significantly improved, there is still no effective medica...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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