5. A biomechanical investigation of the sacroiliac joint in the setting of lumbosacral fusion: the impact of pelvic fixation vs sacroiliac joint fixation

This study is a biomechanical investigation to understand the effect of pelvic vs sacroiliac joint fixation on the sacroiliac joint in lumbosacral fusion.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research

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Authors: Roberts SB, Calligeros K, Tsirikos AI Abstract This narrative review will summarise a clinical approach to the investigation of back pain in children and adolescent patients, including a discussion of the epidemiology, presentation, investigation and clinical management of back pain in children and adolescents. This will assist the prompt and accurate diagnosis of spinal disorders that require significant medical intervention. Existing evidence suggests a relatively high incidence of non-specific back pain among young people; 27-48% of presentations of back pain in children and adolescents are attributed t...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Achieved research highlights the importance of a multifactorial approach to pain management and the enormous significance of pain catastrophizing in patients with low back pain. PMID: 31524136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
AbstractDescriptionIn September 2017, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) approved the joint Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for Diagnosis and Management of Low Back Pain. This CPG was intended to provide healthcare providers a framework by which to evaluate, treat, and manage patients with low back pain (LBP).MethodsThe VA/DoD Evidence-Based Practice Work Group convened a joint VA/DoD guideline development effort that included a multidisciplinary panel of practicing clinician stakeholders and conformed to the Institute of Medicine ’s tenets for trustworthy clinical pra...
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is moderate evidence of efficacy for acupuncture in terms of pain reduction immediately after treatment for NSLBP ((sub)acute and chronic) when compared to sham or placebo acupuncture. REGISTRATION: PROSPERO registration no. CRD42017059438. PMID: 31526013 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP) is defined as pain or discomfort originating from the waist, which lasts for at least 12 weeks, but no radiculopathy or specific spinal diseases. CNLBP is a complicated medical problem and places a huge burden on healthcare systems. Clinical manifestation of CNLBP includes discogenic LBP, zygapophyseal joint pain, sacroiliac joint pain, and lumbar muscle strain. Further evaluation should be completed to confirm the diagnosis including auxiliary examination, functional assessment, and clinical assessment. The principle of the management is to relieve pain, restore ...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
ConclusionsFindings from this study suggest that the FREE approach improves GP concordance with LBP guideline recommendations but does not improve patient recovery outcomes compared with usual care. The FREE approach may reduce unnecessary healthcare use and produce economic benefits. Work participation or health resource use should be considered for primary outcome assessment in future trials of undifferentiated LBP. Trial registrationACTRN12616000888460
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: A scale for assessing disability in LBP is made available for use in Nigeria and similar populations. Funding: None declared. PMID: 31481808 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ghana Med J Source Type: research
Identifying how pain transitions from acute to chronic is critical in designing effective prevention and management techniques for patients ’ well-being, physically, psychosocially, and financially. There is an...
Source: Journal of Translational Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Today’s post is another one where there’s very little to guide my thinking… Have you ever wondered why we read so much research looking at the characteristics of the people who look for help with their pain – yet not nearly as much about us, the people who do the helping? There are studies about us – thanks Ben – and others! (Darlow, Dowell, Baxter, Mathieson, Perr &Dean, 2013; Farin, Gramm &Schmidt, 2013; Parsons, Harding, Breen, Foster, Pincus, Vogel &Underwood, 2007). We know some things are helpful for people with pain: things like listening capabilities (Matthias, Ba...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Chronic pain Coping strategies Pain conditions Professional topics Research Science in practice attitudes beliefs communication nocebo Source Type: blogs
Routine imaging for non-specific low back pain is advised against in guidelines yet imaging continues to occur. Patient and public beliefs regarding imaging may be a driving factor contributing to this.
Source: Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Source Type: research
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