22. Subclinical infection as an etiology for pseudarthrosis in multilevel thoracolumbar spinal fusions
Pseudarthrosis is a common indication for revision spine operations. Clinical presentations of pseudarthrosis are heterogeneous. While the majority of patients present with pain, many can be symptomatic. Etiologies of pseudarthrosis also vary from structural to biologic, including infection.
CONCLUSION: The US-guided local injections offer better clinical outcome in the treatment of facet syndrome. PMID: 31524141 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: The current study indicates that knee muscle strength variables, resulting from an isokinetic testing, have the potential to discriminate between soccer players with and without a history of low back pain. However, low back pain is a multidimensional phenomenon and knee muscle strength or imbalance alone cannot be expected to explain low back pain. PMID: 31524139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Roberts SB, Calligeros K, Tsirikos AI Abstract This narrative review will summarise a clinical approach to the investigation of back pain in children and adolescent patients, including a discussion of the epidemiology, presentation, investigation and clinical management of back pain in children and adolescents. This will assist the prompt and accurate diagnosis of spinal disorders that require significant medical intervention. Existing evidence suggests a relatively high incidence of non-specific back pain among young people; 27-48% of presentations of back pain in children and adolescents are attributed t...
CONCLUSIONS: Achieved research highlights the importance of a multifactorial approach to pain management and the enormous significance of pain catastrophizing in patients with low back pain. PMID: 31524136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsConditions of work, such as perceived climate, are associated with improved worker behaviors (physical activity and sleep), worker outcomes (depression, job and life satisfaction, back pain, and general health), and employer (productivity) outcomes.
Conclusion. Patients with symptomatic LBP who underwent low-pressure PD, but who did not undergo a subsequent spinal fusion surgery, developed disc degeneration and new disc herniations at a similar rate to corresponding discs in matched control patients. Level of Evidence: 3
Conclusion. The addition of dexmedetomidine to preemptive ropivacaine wound infiltration provided a superior analgesic effect, reduced postoperative morphine consumption, and prolonged the time of the first analgesic demand with no serious side effects. Level of Evidence: 2
Conclusion. Spinal SFKs contribute to radicular pain by activation of p38 MAPK and increasing pro-inflammatory cytokines expression in rats with NP implantation. Targeting SFKs/p38 pathway may be helpful for alleviating radicular pain. Level of Evidence: N/A
Conclusions. MIS-ATP approach provides a safe access to anterolateral interbody fusions between T12-S1. The ATP approach is performed by the spine surgeon, does not require neuromonitoring, and warrants minimal to no psoas muscle retraction resulting in significantly reduced postoperative thigh pain and rare neurologic injuries. Additionally, the direct and clear visualization of the retroperitoneal vasculature provided by the ATP approach minimizes the risk of inadvertent vascular injury. Level of Evidence: 4
Study Design. Prospective research in middle-aged and elderly people. Objective. To investigate low back pain (LBP) and neuropathic pain (NeP); spinal alignment and range of motion (ROM); spinal degenerative changes in plain radiography; osteoporosis; muscle strength; and physical ability as possible risk factors for poor quality of life (QOL). Summary of Background Data. The aging of society has led to an increase in elderly people with chronic pain, including LBP and NeP. However, there has been no analysis of NeP and spinal sagittal alignment as potential risk factors for decreased QOL in the healthy general pop...