P1. Improvement of motor function induced by skeletal muscle contraction in spinal cord injury rats

Previous reports have shown that treadmill training after spinal cord injury (SCI) contributes to functional recovery and is associated with increased levels of neurotrophic factors in the spinal cord in a rat model. However, the precise mechanism underlying the above observation has not been elucidated. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is associated with motor function recovery due to its neuroprotective and axon sprouting effects. Promoting BDNF expression in spinal cord lesions by strategies such as physical training and cell transplantation has been reported to be effective in treating SCI in animals.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the use of DRG axons to facilitate the growth of cortical neurons in a process of axon-facilitated axon regeneration. We believe these results could have implications for the treatment of SCI. PMID: 31594262 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience - Category: Neurology Tags: Restor Neurol Neurosci Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the role of microencapsulated olfactory ensheathing cells (MC-OECs) transplantation in rats with sciatic nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain, and its relationship with P2X4 receptor expression in the L4-5 spinal cord segment. METHODS: Olfactory bulb tissues of healthy Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were collected to culture olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) using differential attachment methods. Seventy-two healthy SD rats were randomly assigned to four groups: the sham, chronic constriction injury (CCI), OECs, and MC-OECs groups. Mechanical paw withdra...
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research
In this study, researchers studied 438,952 participants in the UK Biobank, who had a total of 24,980 major coronary events - defined as the first occurrence of non-fatal heart attack, ischaemic stroke, or death due to coronary heart disease. They used an approach called Mendelian randomisation, which uses naturally occurring genetic differences to randomly divide the participants into groups, mimicking the effects of running a clinical trial. People with genes associated with lower blood pressure, lower LDL cholesterol, and a combination of both were put into different groups, and compared against those without thes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Since the discovery of induced pluripotency more than a decade ago, researchers have been working towards the use of this technology to produce cells for use in tissue engineering and regenerative therapies. Induced pluripotent stem cells are functionally equivalent to embryonic stem cells; given suitable recipes and methods for the surrounding environment and signals, they can be made to generate any of the cell types in the body. The cornea of the eye is a comparatively simple starting point for tissue engineering, easier to work with in many ways, in generating tissues and in delivering cells to the patient. Here, the f...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) [1] have been applied to clinical regenerative cell therapies such as the macular degeneration of the retina [2], spinal cord injury [3] and heart failure [4] et al. As use in autologous settings is hampered by the high time and cost requirements of the individual production of iPSC, an iPSC banking system which collects HLA typed cells from cord blood banks, marrow donor registries and HLA matched platelet donor registries has been proposed [5-8], and tissue transplantation generated from iPSC through banking in allogeneic settings has just been performed [8].
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Hydrogel matrices with angiogenic properties are much desirable for therapeutic vascularization strategies, namely to provide vascular supply to ischemic areas, transplanted cells, or bioengineered tissues. Here we report the pro-angiogenic effect of fibrin (Fb) functionalization with the T1 sequence from the angiogenic inducer CCN1, forseeing its use in the injured brain and spinal cord. Fibrin functionalization with 40 μM of T1 peptide effectively improved cellular sprouting of human brain microvascular endothelial cells (hCMEC/D3) in the absence of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), withou...
Source: Appl Human Sci - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The implantation of PPy/PLA nanofibrous scaffold and BMSCs has a great potential to restore the electrical conduction and to promote functional recovery by inhibiting the scar tissue formation, promoting axon regeneration, and bridging the gap lesion. PMID: 31486601 [PubMed - in process]
Source: CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: CNS Neurosci Ther Source Type: research
Abstract Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes irreversible functional loss of the affected population. The incidence of SCI keeps increasing, resulting in huge burden on the society. The pathogenesis of SCI involves neuron death and exotic reaction, which could impede neuron regeneration. In clinic, the limited regenerative capacity of endogenous cells after SCI is a major problem. Recent studies have demonstrated that a variety of stem cells such as induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), embryonic stem cells (ESCs), mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and neural progenitor cells (NPCs) /neural stem cells (NSCs) have therap...
Source: Current Stem Cell Research and Therapy - Category: Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Curr Stem Cell Res Ther Source Type: research
Abstract Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the leading causes of global disability. However, there are currently no effective clinical treatments for SCI. Repair of SCI is essential but poses great challenges. As a comprehensive treatment program combining biological scaffolds, seed cells and drugs or biological factors, tissue engineering has gradually replaced the single transplantation approach to become a focus of research that brings new opportunities for the clinical treatment of SCI. PMID: 31436130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Regenerative Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Regen Med Source Type: research
In this study, we designed SCI models in vivo and in vitro and then investigated the possible mechanism of successful repair by BMSCs-Exos. In vivo, we established one Sham group and two SCI model groups. The Basso, Beattie, Bresnahan (BBB) scores showed that BMSCs-Exos could effectively promote the recovery of spinal cord function. The results of the Nissl staining, immunohistochemistry, and TUNEL/NeuN/DAPI double staining showed that BMSCs-Exos inhibited neuronal apoptosis. Western blot analysis showed that the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was significantly increased in the BMSCs-Exos group compared with the PBS gro...
Source: Cell Transplantation - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Transplant Source Type: research
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