Cancer and Cerebrovascular Disease
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo review the latest information about the interactions between cancer and cerebrovascular disease.Recent FindingsAdditional data support the finding that both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke are important complications of cancer or its treatment. Reperfusion therapy is being given successfully to patients with stroke complicating cancer.SummaryHemorrhagic stroke may occur with metastatic disease to the brain, coagulopathies from cancer, in particular leukemia, or as complications of chemotherapy. Ischemic stroke also may be a complication of metastatic disease with local invasion of vessels, a pro-thrombotic disorder such as non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) or disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), or secondary to chemotherapy. Stroke also is a potential consequence of radiation therapy to the head and neck. Venous sinus thrombosis may develop with hematologic malignancies or chemotherapy. Although many patients will have a history of cancer at the time of stroke, a cerebrovascular event may be the initial manifestation of a malignancy.
Publication date: Available online 3 July 2020Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Dorothy Ibifuro Makanjuola, Abdulmohsen Alkushi, Khalid Al Anazi
Conclusions: We demonstrated a workflow for HIFU treatment of the porcine pancreas in-vivo under MRI-guidance. This development bears significance for the development of MR-guided HIFU interventions on the pancreas as the pig is the preferred animal model for the translation of pre-clinical research into clinical application. PMID: 32619373 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Li Y, Wang D, Li X Abstract Lung cancer has attracted a lot of attention because of its high morbidity and mortality. The emergence of RFA provides a new treatment for unresectable NSCLC patients. In addition to killing in situ lung tumors, RFA also provides new immuno-activated antigens, for the treatment of lung cancer. It changes the tumor microenvironment and activates the entire immune system of patients. The peripheral blood cell count is easy to achieve and the blood cells are important in tumor immunity, which changes after RFA. On the one hand, the changes in blood cells identify the immune change...
Authors: Ambrosino P, Di Minno A, Maniscalco M, Di Minno MND Abstract The rapidly increasing number of studies on the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) indicate that this viral agent can cause the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a syndrome with a wide spectrum of clinical presentations, ranging from a mild disease with flu-like symptoms to a life-threatening condition that requires specialized management at Intensive Care Units (ICU). Critical patients with COVID-19 have a high risk of thromboembolic complications, as expressed by a Padua prediction score always ≥4. Moreover...
Publication date: Available online 4 July 2020Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): John E. Farey, Vincent V.G. An, Verinder Sidhu, Sascha Karunaratne, Ian A. Harris
Abstract Previous studies evaluating staging methods of lung cancer have focused on mediastinal disease. We explored the added value of endoscopic techniques after PET scan in the evaluation of N1 nodal stations in 276 patients with a radiologically normal mediastinum demonstrating a potential stage shift in 20% of patients. PMID: 32613092 [PubMed]
Conclusions: Adding SRT to RP does not seem to result in other than acceptable side-effects in the majority of men receiving SRT when taking a long follow-up time (median 10 years after surgery) into account. However, a subset of men develop severe side-effects where rectal bleeding dominates. PMID: 32619133 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: The addition of k to established clinical variables significantly improves the possibility to predict treatment outcome after SRT and could be used to personalize future therapies. PMID: 32613088 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: Both Martin and Sampson LDL-C estimates displayed significant proportion of upward discordance with reclassification to higher LDL-C categories compared to Friedewald formula, particularly in patients with elevated triglycerides and low LDL-C, a population in whom more accurate estimation of LDL-C is required. Further studies are warranted to validate the recently developed Sampson equation with comparison to Martin method that tended to more significantly overestimate LDL-C. PMID: 32612027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: We identified that SNHG16/miR-106b-5p/STAT3 formed a complex circuitry for the deterioration of AAA via regulating VSMCs, suggesting a possible target for the pathogenesis of AAA. PMID: 32612026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]