First-line Immuno-Oncology Combination Therapies in Metastatic Renal-cell Carcinoma: Results from the International Metastatic Renal-cell Carcinoma Database Consortium

ConclusionsThere were no significant differences in first-line outcomes between IOVE combinations and ipi-nivo. Most patients received VEGF-based therapy in the second line. In this group, second-line response rate was greater in patients who received ipi-nivo initially.Patient summaryThere were no significant differences in key first-line outcomes for patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma receiving immuno-oncology/vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor combinations versus ipilimumab and nivolumab.
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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pelo-Martínez JL Abstract A novel analytical approach is proposed to discriminate between solid biopsies of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC) and renal oncocytoma (RO). The method comprises the following steps: (i) ultrasonic extraction of proteins from solid biopsies, (ii) protein depletion with acetonitrile, (iii) ultrasonic assisted in-solution digestion using magnetic nanoparticle with immobilized trypsin, (iv) C18 tip-based preconcentration of peptides, (v) sequential extraction of the peptides with ACN, (vi) MALDI-snapshot of the extracts and (vii) investigation of the extract containing the mo...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to investigate the mRNA levels of important miRNA machinery components, DICER1, DROSHA, DiGeroge syndrome critical region gene 8 (DGCR8), and Argonaute 2 (AGO2), and their correlations with clinicopathological characteristics of ccRCC using mRNA expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas kidney clear cell carcinoma (TCGA KIRC) cohort and a Korean ccRCC cohort. mRNA levels of DICER1, DROSHA, and DGCR8 were significantly decreased in both cohorts. However, AGO2 was significantly downregulated only in the Korean ccRCC cohort. Additionally, positive correlations were observed between th...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Yang F, Song Y, Ge L, Zhao G, Liu C, Ma L Abstract The aim of the present study was to identify long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-based prognostic biomarkers in papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC). lncRNA expression data and corresponding clinical data from patients with pRCC were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas. R software and packages were used for data analysis. Univariate Cox regression analysis and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression were performed to identify key lncRNAs, which were then used to construct a prognostic model using multivariate Cox regression analysis. Patient...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
In the past decade, tumour flare reaction (TFR) was considered as a new side effect associated with immunomodulatory agents (IMiDs) and as a condition of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). However, this phenomenon is also observed with immune checkpoint inhibitors in solid tumours. It is still poorly understood and its incidence is underestimated. TFR has been associated with morbidity, therefore, early recognition and management of patients with TFR is critical. An exhaustive literature research between 1985 and 2016 was performed using PubMed; American Society of Clinical Oncology and American Society of Hematology abs...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Clinical Reports Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe study evaluated the usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) texture parameters in differentiating clear cell renal carcinoma (CC-RCC) from non-clear cell carcinoma (NC-RCC) and in the histological grading of CC-RCC.Materials and methodsAfter institutional ethical approval, this retrospective study analyzed 33 patients with 34 RCC masses (29 CC-RCC and five NC-RCC; 19 low-grade and 10 high-grade CC-RCC), who underwent MRI between January 2011 and December 2012 on a 1.5-T scanner (Avanto, Siemens, Erlangen, Germany). The MRI protocol included T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging [D...
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
There is an increased incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients with metabolic syndrome who usually have high levels of serum triglyceride (TG) and low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). P...
Source: BMC Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) harboring a TFE3 gene fusion (TfRCC) represent an aggressive subset of kidney tumors. Key signaling pathways of TfRCC are unknown and preclinical in vivo data are lacking. We investiga...
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough the investigated co-morbidities are capable or inducing pathophysiological changes that are predisposing factors for tumor progression, none is an independent prognostic factor in patients with RCC.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractWe prospectively validate the efficacy of the frailty discriminant score (FDS) in individuals with urological cancers, as there has been growing importance in evaluating frailty in clinical practice. A prospective, multicenter study was conducted from February 2017 to April 2019. We enrolled 258 patients with urological cancers and 301 community-dwelling participants who were assessed for frailty. Frailty was assessed using FDS that includes ten items, such as physical, mental, and blood biochemical tests. The primary outcome was the non-inferiority (margin 5%) of FDS in discriminating patients with urological canc...
Source: Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Condition:   Renal Cell Carcinoma Interventions:   Biological: Nivolumab;   Biological: Ipilimumab Sponsor:   Bristol-Myers Squibb Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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