Radiological protocol in spinal trauma: literature review and Spinal Cord Society position statement

AbstractPurposeThe Spinal Cord Society constituted a panel tasked with reviewing the literature on the radiological evaluation of spinal trauma with or without spinal cord injury and recommend a protocol. This position statement provides recommendations for the use of each modality, i.e., radiographs (X-rays), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as well as vascular imaging, and makes suggestions on identifying or clearing spinal injury in trauma patients.MethodsPubMed was searched for the corresponding keywords from January 1, 1980, to August 1, 2017. A MEDLINE search was subsequently undertaken after applying MeSH filters. Appropriate cross-references were retrieved. Out of the 545 articles retrieved, 105 relevant papers that address the present topic were studied and the extracted content was circulated for further discussions. A draft position statement was compiled and circulated among the panel members via e-mail. The draft was modified by incorporating relevant suggestions to reach a consensus.Results and conclusionFor imaging cervical and thoracolumbar spine trauma patients, CT without contrast is generally considered to be the initial line of imaging and radiographs are required if CT is unavailable or unaffordable. CT screening in polytrauma cases is best done with a multidetector CT by utilizing the reformatted images obtained when scanning the chest, abdomen, and pelvis (CT-CAP). MRI is indicated in cases with neurological involvement and ad...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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Study Design. Retrospective study. Objective. We identified radiological risk factors for neurological deficits in mid and low lumbar spinal fractures. Summary of Background Data. Although numerous studies have focused on radiological risk factors for neurological deficits in spinal cord injury or thoracolumbar junction area fractures, few have examined mid and low lumbar fractures at the cauda equina level. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed 71 consecutive patients who suffered acute traumatic mid and low lumbar fractures (L2–L5) corresponding to the cauda equina level, as confirmed on magnetic resonanc...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DIAGNOSTICS Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Yun Li, Rodney M Ritzel, Junyun He, Tuoxin Cao, Boris Sabirzhanov, Hui Li, Simon Liu, Long-Jun Wu, Junfang Wu
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a progressive autoimmune inflammatory disease affecting 1% of the population with three times as many women as men. As many as 86% of patients suffering from RA have cervical spine involvement. Synovial inflammation in the cervical spine causes instability and injuries including atlantoaxial subluxation, retroodontoid pannus formation, cranial settling, and subaxial subluxation. While many patients with cervical spine involvement are asymptomatic, symptomatic patients often present with nonspecific symptoms resulting from inflammation and additional secondary symptoms that are due to co...
Source: Neurosurgical Review - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Xinwei Liu, Bin Ma, Haocong Zhang, Ruonan Chai, Liangbi Xiang
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 October 2020Source: Journal of Chemical NeuroanatomyAuthor(s): Reza Salarinia, Mahmoud Hosseini, Yousef Mohamadi, Ahmad Ghorbani, Daryoush Hamidi Alamdari, Asghar Mafinezhad, Hamidreza Sadeghnia
Source: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Discussion: The results of this study may help to establish CEUS as a suitable imaging modality for the evaluation of potentially vasodilatory drugs in the field of sports. Other supplements could also be evaluated in this way to verify the content of their advertising claims. Trial registration: German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS), ID: DRKS00016972, registered on 25.03.2019.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Clinical Trial Source Type: research
Spinal cord injury (SCI) favors a persistent pro-inflammatory macrophages/microglia-mediated response with only a transient appearance of anti-inflammatory phenotype of immune cells. However, the mechanisms co...
Source: Journal of Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This study examined longitudinal changes in post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in individuals newly diagnosed with spinal cord injury (SCI) and tested various psychosocial and injury-related characteristics as predictors for interindividual d...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Partial bladder recovery has been evident after SC therapy in SCI models. Due to limitations in the number of studies in other neurological diseases, additional studies are necessary to confirm the detailed mechanism for bladder recovery. PMID: 33017895 [PubMed]
Source: International Neurourology Journal - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int Neurourol J Source Type: research
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