The association of pain interference and opioid use with healthcare utilization and costs, and wage loss among adults with osteoarthritis in the United States.

The association of pain interference and opioid use with healthcare utilization and costs, and wage loss among adults with osteoarthritis in the United States. J Med Econ. 2019 Aug 21;:1 Authors: Zhao X, Shah D, Gandhi K, Wei W, Dwibedi N, Webster L, Sambamoorthi U Abstract Aim: To examine associations of opioid use and pain interference with activities (PIA), healthcare resource utilization (HRU) and costs, and wage loss in noninstitutionalized adults with osteoarthritis in the United States (US). Methods: Adults with osteoarthritis identified from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey for 2011/2013/2015 were stratified by no-opioid use with no/mild PIA, no-opioid use with moderate/severe PIA, opioid use with no/mild PIA, and opioid use with moderate/severe PIA. Outcomes included annualized total HRU, direct healthcare costs, and wage loss. Multivariable regression analyses were used for comparisons versus no-opioid use with no/mild PIA (referent). The counterfactual recycled prediction method estimated incremental costs. Results reflect weighted nationally representative data. Results: Of 4,921 participants (weighted N = 20,785,007), 46.5% had no-opioid use with no/mild PIA; 23.2% had no-opioid use with moderate/severe PIA; 9.6% had opioid use with no/mild PIA; and 20.7% had opioid use with moderate/severe PIA. Moderate/severe PIA and/or opioid use were associated with significantly higher HRU and associated costs, and wage loss. Relative t...
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research

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