Association of Vitamin D with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Activity in Pediatric Patients.

Association of Vitamin D with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Activity in Pediatric Patients. J Korean Med Sci. 2019 Aug 19;34(32):e204 Authors: Kim S, Kang Y, Park S, Koh H, Kim S Abstract BACKGROUND: It has been known that vitamin D level (serum 25[OH]D) has correlation with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The purpose of this study is to investigate changes of serum 25[OH]D in pediatric IBD patients according to the disease activity. METHODS: A total of 96 children and adolescent with IBD were enrolled in this retrospective study. Serologic inflammatory markers and clinical disease activity scores of the patients were collected, and their correlations with serum 25[OH]D were analyzed. Seasonal variations of serum 25[OH]D were also investigated both in active disease state and remission state. RESULTS: Of the 96 patients, 41 (43%) were women and patients with a vitamin D deficiency (
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

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This study explored the association between serum vitamin D levels and inflammatory bowel disease in a Chinese population. Sixty-five patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 50 with Crohn's disease (CD) were investigated between January 2015 and December 2016 at the Kunshan Second People's Hospital, China. A control group of 120 healthy volunteers was also selected. Serum vitamin D levels were detected and compared between groups and among patients with different disease activity. The serum vitamin D levels in the UC (10.27 ± 4.05 ng/mL) and CD (11.13 ± 3.96 ng/mL) groups were lower than in th...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Conclusions As the intestinal mucosa surface constitutes the major surface of the body which is in direct contact with the outer environment, intestinal immune homeostasis must be accurately regulated. The interplay between commensal microbiota, intestinal stromal cells, and the mucosal immune system components should guarantee the intestinal homeostasis to avoid a sustained inflammation that could induce tissue damage. However, several factors can lead to inflammation through homeostasis breakdown. Figure 1 summarizes the main points that have been reviewed here. We have described what it is known so far about the role o...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing and the pathogenesis is still not completely understood. Micronutrients like vitamin D [25 (OH)D] and zinc play an important role in enzyme activities and the immune system. As the 25 (OH)D-receptor has been shown to be downregulated in patients with IBD, 25 (OH)D may emerge as a predictive marker for disease improvement. Studies on relationship of both micronutrients in IBD patients are lacking. We retrospectively evaluated serum levels of 25(OH)D and zinc together with baseline characteristics of 232 IBD patients. Uni- and multivariate analyses were perform...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency was more frequent among inflammatory bowel disease patients. Longer disease duration and need for hospital admission at diagnosis were associated to vitamin D deficiency among these patients.RESUMO CONTEXTO: Uma associa ção foi estabelecida entre os baixos valores séricos de vitamina D e doença inflamatória intestinal. Falta evidência se esta associação ainda é observada em regiões onde a exposição ao sol durante todo o ano é maior. OBJETIVO: Comparar a prevalência de deficiência de vitamin...
Source: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Olmedo Martín RV, González Molero I, Olveira Fuster G, Amo Trillo V, Jiménez Pérez M Abstract INTRODUCTION: there are few data on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Spain. A deficiency could be associated with a worse course of the disease. AIM: to determine the prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) deficiency in a cohort of outpatients with IBD and assess its association with clinical and biological activity, quality of life and psychological symptoms. METHODS: a cross-sectional, single-center observational st...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
oslash;rgensen LP Abstract AIM: To investigate if vitamin D deficiency is associated with fatigue in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: IBD patients were recruited from nine hospitals in the southeastern and western regions of Norway to participate in a multicenter cross-sectional study lasting from March 2013 to April 2014. Data were collected by interviews, from medical records and laboratory tests. The Fatigue Questionnaire (FQ) was used to measure fatigue. Linear and logistic regression models were applied to explore the possible association between vitamin D deficiency and total fat...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
ConclusionAccording to the findings of this study, vitamin D deficiency is related to the clinical and laboratory activity of inflammatory bowel diseases.ResumoObjetivoAvaliar as concentrações séricas de vitamina D e sua relação com as doenças inflamatórias intestinais.MétodosEstudo quantitativo e descritivo com indivíduos assistidos pelo ambulatório interdisciplinar de Doença Inflamatória Intestinal da Unidade de Saúde Familiar e Comunitária de Itajaí/SC no período de setembro 2015 até outubro 2016. Foram...
Source: Journal of Coloproctology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results do not support a major role for vitamin D deficiency in the development of IBD. PMID: 29947775 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
AbstractInflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory condition primarily involving the gastrointestinal tract. It includes Crohn ’s disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), and a less common phenotype—indeterminate colitis. It is thought to result from a complex interplay of environmental, microbial, and host factors including genetic factors, although the exact mechanism is not known. Dietary factors have been shown to pla y a role in the pathogenesis of IBD and can potentially alter the intestinal microbiota as well as disrupt the immune function in the gut. CD is characterized by ...
Source: Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
OBJECTIVEThere is growing evidence that vitamin D deficiency plays a role in the development and the course of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the correlation between vitamin D deficiency and clinical parameters in IBD is still not completely understood. METHODSA retrospective study of IBD patients was performed. Vitamin D values were analyzed, regardless of vitamin D substitution administration, and correlated with clinical parameters such as medical therapy, anatomical situation, location of the disease and disease activity. Level of 25‐hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]
Source: Journal of Digestive Diseases - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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