Poling and annealing of piezoelectric Poly(Vinylidene fluoride) micropillar arrays

Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 239Author(s): I.O. Pariy, A.A. Ivanova, V.V. Shvartsman, D.C. Lupascu, G.B. Sukhorukov, M.A. Surmeneva, R.A. SurmenevAbstractThis work reports on the effect of calcination and poling processes on the crystalline phase and piezoresponse of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) micropillar arrays. PVDF micropillars were prepared by the imprinting method, heated and treated with high-voltage poling. The effect of the treatment conditions on the crystallization behaviour and the piezoelectric properties of the patterned PVDF films was investigated by piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). DSC data show that poling of the PVDF micropillars increases the crystallinity of the polymer from 12% to 22.7%. FTIR measurements of PVDF films show that the calcination and poling processes affect the γ to β phase transformation. In the imprinted and annealed samples, the γ phase was predominant (58% and 46%, respectively). For the poled samples, up to 42% of the β phase was found. Piezoelectric measurements using PFM showed that the poled PVDF micropillars possess a much higher piezoelectric coefficient (29 pm/V) compared to the annealed sample (10 pm/V). The piezoresponse of the PVDF micropillar arrays is thus substantially enhanced by poling.Graphical abstract
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

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