Antibodies against Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and influenza virus and their relationships with risk factors, clinical signs and lung lesions in pig farms with one-site production systems in Brazil

Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): T.G. Baraldi, N.R.N. Cruz, D.A. Pereira, J.V.B. Galdeano, I.R.H. Gatto, A.F.D. Silva, A. Panzardi, D.C.L. Linhares, L.A. Mathias, L.G. de OliveiraAbstractA study was conducted on 21 pig herds using one-site production system in the southeast region of Brazil to assess the relationships among serological results for primary pathogens involved in respiratory diseases (Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, App; Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Mhyo; and swine influenza virus, SIV), cough index, pneumonia index, pleuritis and herd characteristics. The prevalence of antibodies against Mhyo and SIV increased throughout the raising phases, with the highest prevalence in slaughtered pigs (> 40%), while pigs in 65% (14/21) of nurseries demonstrated marked seroprevalence of App that decreased until the day of slaughter. Pleuritis and pulmonary consolidations were recorded in 9.0 and 72.4%, respectively, of the 908 evaluated lungs. Histopathological analysis of the lung lesions revealed suppurative bronchopneumonia in almost half of the lungs (48.9%). Regression analyses were conducted to identify risk factors associated with the cough index; pleuritis; pulmonary consolidation; and App, Mhyo and SIV serological results. All-in-all-out management in nursery buildings reduced the seroprevalence of Mhyo in herds. App seroprevalence was associated with pleuritis, and the presence of cough episodes in gr...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

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Journal Name: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM) Issue: Ahead of print
Source: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Ichihara E, Miyahara N, Maeda Y, Kiura K Abstract Systemic therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has dramatically changed in the latest 15 years. Molecular-targeted therapy has brought about an era of precision medicine, and immune checkpoint inhibitors have brought hope for a cure for advanced NSCLC. In the wake of this remarkable advancement, lung cancer with comorbid interstitial pneumonia (IP) has been completely left behind, as most clinical trials exclude patients with comorbid IP. IP, especially idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), is often accompanied by lung cancer, and acute exa...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Harmful Algae, Volume 89Author(s): L.L. Mafra, P.K.W. Nolli, L.E. Mota, C. Domit, M. Soeth, L.F.G. Luz, B.F. Sobrinho, J.G. Leal, M. Di DomenicoAbstractOn June 2016, a major bloom of Dinophysis acuminata complex was noticed over the coast of Paraná State (PR), southern Brazil, an area unprotected by any official monitoring program. Here we report the results of an extensive sampling effort that ultimately led PR authorities to issue the first State shellfish-harvesting ban due to multi-species okadaic acid (OA) contamination. During its peak, the bloom covered an area of 201&th...
Source: Harmful Algae - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe mix of destinations within 500 m and some types of destinations within 1,000 m are important to promote walking trips in adults living in a megalopolis like Sao Paulo. These results can foster discussion of healthy cities in Latin American countries.ResumoObjetivoDescrever o perfil de adultos que caminham como transporte na cidade de São Paulo e verificar as variáveis de ambiente construído que estão associadas com caminhada como forma de transporte.Material e MétodosEste foi um estudo transversal que utilizou dados do Inquérito de Saúde de São Paul...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Authors: Anyfantakis D, Makrakis G Abstract Long QT syndrome is characterized by prolongation of the corrected QT interval and is associated with fatal arrhythmias. R on T phenomenon is the coincidence of a premature ventricular complex with a T wave and may result to syncope and sudden cardiac death. Here we present a case of a 59-year-old woman with no previous history of medication, receiving moxifloxacin for community-acquired pneumonia. She was admitted complaining for thoracic pain and shortness of breath. Electrocardiogram showed both R on T phenomenon and QT prolongation. After discontinuation of the antibi...
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
This study was aimed to assess the association of this serological pattern with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with CHB.MethodsIn this cross-section study, 206 CHB patients with coexistence of HBsAg/anti-HBs and 206 CHB patients with HBsAg alone were included to evaluate the risk of HCC development by logistic regression analysis. In addition, a retrospective cohort of 260 patients with CHB was recruited to estimate the cumulative incidence of HCC by Kaplan–Meier analysis.ResultsThe serological pattern of coexistence of HBsAg/anti-HBs, with high levels of (“High”) HBsAg/low levels of (“L...
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Alexsandra Maria Lima Scavuzzi, Elizabeth Maria Bispo Beltrão, Elza Ferreira Firmo, Érica Maria de Oliveira, Fernanda Gomes Beserra, Ana Catarina de Souza Lopes
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusions: The PHiD-CV vaccination program in Brazil has resulted in important reductions of pneumococcal disease and substantial cost savings. Instead of switching PCVs, expanding vaccine coverage or investing in other health care interventions would be a more efficient use of resources to improve the health of the population in Brazil.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Vaccine Reports Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This topic is seldom addressed during academic training and this lack of preparedness is one of the main barriers hindering the disclosure of difficult news. Hence, it is essential that teaching institutions establish a discussion regarding this topic. PMID: 31531595 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista gaucha de enfermagem EENFUFRGS - Category: Nursing Tags: Rev Gaucha Enferm Source Type: research
(NEW YORK) — This nasty flu season, which has been worsening for months, may finally be leveling off. Health officials on Friday said about 1 of every 13 visits to the doctor last week was for fever, cough and other symptoms of the flu. That’s no reason for health officials to celebrate yet: That level is among the highest in a decade. But it’s no worse than last week, and flu activity had been increasing each week since November. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report said the number of states reporting heavy flu patient traffic also held steady at 43. “I thought I was going to die,...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized APH flu healthytime onetime Source Type: news
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