Predictors of recurrent TB in sputum smear and culture positive adults: a prospective cohort study

Conclusion: Extensive end of treatment pulmonary fibro-cavitation, high pre-treatment bacillary burden with no weight gain  and HIV infection could be reliable predictors of recurrent tuberculosis.Keywords: Grade, fibrosis, cavities, weight.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Diagnosis of EPTB and PTB at ART programmes in LMIC was mainly based on clinical criteria. Greater availability and usage of TB diagnostic tests would improve the diagnosis and clinical outcomes of both EPTB and PTB. PMID: 31507083 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Conclusion: To diagnose all TB forms, X-ray should be part of the diagnostic algorithm. The combination of X-ray and Xpert testing for high-risk clients was the most effective ACF approach in this setting. PMID: 31500551 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
Conclusion: We did not find significant differences in the treatment outcomes. Due to the wide CIs, studies with larger sample sizes are urgently required. Studies are required to understand how to translate the benefits of ACF to improved treatment outcomes. PMID: 31475635 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
Abstract This follow-up cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the prevalence rate and risk factors related to latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and active tuberculosis (TB) in children aged
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS.: The percentage of RS in the Ministry of Health's health facilities in Lima was less than the expected 5%, ranging from 0.8% in Callao to 1.5% in Lima City. The percentage of tuberculosis among coughers (lasting 7-14 days) and RS is consistent with the findings of other local studies. Consideration should be given to lowering the RS target to less than 5% and expanding tuberculosis screening to patients with cough ≥7 days at the Health Divisions with high tuberculosis incidence. PMID: 31460631 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound evaluation of the spleen in patients with HIV and symptoms suggestive of TB in endemic regions is a viable diagnostic adjunct. Ultrasound detection of splenic microabscesses in HIV patients is probably sufficient indication to initiate TB treatment prior to obtaining culture data. Strong conclusions cannot be drawn owing to the high heterogeneity of this small number of studies. PMID: 31456550 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
A Case of Bacteriologically Determined De NovoTuberculosis during Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Inhibitor Therapy. Intern Med. 2019 Aug 21;: Authors: Takahashi G, Kobayashi H, Saito Y, Ohsawa S, Suzuki K, Ishihara S, Hisada T Abstract A 58-year-old man with Crohn's disease received adalimumab for 13 months after screening results for tuberculosis were found to be negative. He was diagnosed with de novo mediastinal lymph-node tuberculosis, which was proved to be bacteriologically identical to that of an individual with smear positive lung tuberculosis by a variable number of tandem repeat analyses. Afte...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: MDR-TB can be cured successfully with modified DOTS-Plus strategy and requires much effort from both the patients and health-care workers. It can be an alternative model for treating MDR-TB patients in private sector.
Source: Lung India - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of malaria/TB coinfection among bacteriologically confirmed adult TB patients at a national TB treatment centre in Uganda. Using a cross-sectional study design we enrolled 363 bacteriologically confirmed adult TB patients, and data on demographics and medical history was collected. Blood samples were tested for malaria blood smear, rapid malaria diagnostic test (RDT), complete blood count, haematological film analysis, HIV serology, and CD4+ and CD8+ cell counts. Malaria was defined as either a positive blood smear or RDT. The study participants were mostly male (...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research
This study evaluated the performance of the novel next-generation Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra (Xpert Ultra) in comparison to Xpert for pleural TB diagnosis. METHODS: Pleural TB suspects were enrolled consecutively in four hospitals and pleural fluids were subjected to smear, culture and Xpert. Defrosted pleural fluid (-80°C) was examined using Xpert Ultra. Drug susceptibility testing (DST) was conducted for all of the recovered isolates. RESULTS: In total, 317 individuals with suspected pleural TB were recruited; 208 of them were diagnosed with pleural TB according to the composite reference standard (CRS), which was...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
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