IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3044: Burden of Disease in Coastal Areas of South Korea: An Assessment Using Health Insurance Claim Data

Conclusion: In this study, the coastal areas of South Korea carry a higher burden than the national population. Additionally, chronic diseases compose the majority of the health burden in coastal areas. Despite the limitation of data, YLD was the best tool available for evaluating the health outcomes in specific areas, and has the advantage of simplicity and timely analysis.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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This study aimed to determine the influence of various factors on, and the and the extent of adherence to prescribed post-operative pain medication (POPM) measured by participant-reported pill count (PRPC) following day case orthopaedic surgery at a private South African hospital.MethodsThis prospective, quantitative cross-sectional study involving 120 participants (51 males, 69 females), used a structured questionnaire completed through a telephonic survey, 4 days after orthopaedic surgery. Measurements included PRPC adherence (adherent vs. non-adherent), in relation to post-operative adherence behaviour (POAB), normal me...
Source: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
Abstract: The US industrial revolution led to a significant increase in the amount of dietary sugar consumed annually. The impact has become a public health crisis over the past several decades. The consequences are seen in the dramatic rise in rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease.
Source: The Nurse Practitioner - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature: SUGAR CONSUMPTION Source Type: research
The drug, Rybelsus (semaglutide) is the first pill in a class of drugs called glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) approved for use in the United States. Before Rybelsus, the drug had to be injected.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Licheng Xue, Urs Maurer, Xuchu Weng, Jing ZhaoAbstractWhile skilled readers produce an increased and left-lateralized event-related-potential (ERP) component, known as N170, for strings of letters compared to strings of less familiar units, it remains unclear whether perceptual familiarity plays an important role in driving increased and left-lateralized N170 for print. The present study addressed this issue by examining N170 responses for regular Chinese characters and cursive Chinese characters which are visually less familiar regardin...
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): D Marengo, R Rosato, G Gamberini, P Cavalla, M Gironi, F Patti, L Prosperini, C SolaroAbstractBackgroundThe Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale (MSWS-12) has showed good psychometric properties in reports exploring its validity using Classical Test Theory methods. Findings from recent studies using Item Response Theory methods advance the idea that some aspects of the MSWS-12 does not fully comply with some requirements of sound measurement.Research questionThe present study investigated whether the measurement prope...
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study is the first to investigate possible lncRNA biomarkers to differentiate phenotypic severity in MS. Although the findings are preliminary based on our small sample size, they are sufficient to identify hypotheses for future investigation, and give guidance regarding the design of future studies.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Yinghua Peng, Xiaozheng Zhang, Tianshu Zhang, Peter M. Grace, Hongyuan Li, Yibo Wang, Hang Li, Hongqian Chen, Linda R. Watkins, Mark R. Hutchinson, Hang Yin, Xiaohui WangAbstractThere is growing interest in drug repositioning to find new therapeutic indications for drugs already approved for use in people. Lovastatin is an FDA approved drug that has been used clinically for over a decade as a lipid-lowering medication. While lovastatin is classically considered to act as a hydroxymethylglutaryl (HMG)-CoA reductase inhibitor,...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The panel also recommends approval of Qtrilmet, a fixed-dose combination of metformin hydrochloride/saxagliptin/dapagliflozin for treatment of type 2 diabetes.International Approvals
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Alert Source Type: news
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Ayad Ahmad MohammedAbstractGall bladder polyps occur in 0.4% of patients undergoing cholecystectomy, the majority of gall bladder polyps are benign, they are classified into 3 types: epithelial or adenomatous polyps, mesenchymal polyps, and pseudopolyps. Gall bladder polys mostly affect females and those more than 50 years of age. Ultrasound is a very sensitive tool in the diagnosis.An 88-year-old woman presented with epigastric pain and right hypochondrial pain, fever, and vomiting for 1 week. Clinical examination showed j...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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