Genes, Vol. 10, Pages 634: Maternal Haplotypes in DHFR Promoter and MTHFR Gene in Tuning Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Onset-Latency: Genetic/Epigenetic Mother/Child Dyad Study (GEMCDS)

Genes, Vol. 10, Pages 634: Maternal Haplotypes in DHFR Promoter and MTHFR Gene in Tuning Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Onset-Latency: Genetic/Epigenetic Mother/Child Dyad Study (GEMCDS) Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10090634 Authors: Veronica Tisato Paola Muggeo Tracy Lupiano Giovanna Longo Maria Luisa Serino Massimo Grassi Ermanno Arcamone Paola Secchiero Giorgio Zauli Nicola Santoro Donato Gemmati Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) peaks around age 2–4, and in utero genetic epigenetic mother-fetus crosstalk might tune ALL onset during childhood life. Folate genes variably interact with vitamin status on ALL risk and prognosis. We investigated DHFR and MTHFR gene variants in 235 ALL children and their mothers to disclose their role in determining ALL onset age and survival. Pyrosequence of DHFR 19bp ins/del (rs70991108; W/D), MTHFR C677T (rs1801133; C>T), and MTHFR A1298C (rs1801131; A>C) was assessed in children and in 72% of mothers for dyad-analysis comparison. DHFR DD-children had delayed ALL onset compared to WW-children (7.5 ± 4.8 vs. 5.2 ± 3.7 years; P = 0.002) as well as MTHFR 1298 CC-children compared to AA-children (8.03 ± 4.8 vs. 5.78 ± 4.1 years; P = 0.006), and according to the strong linkage disequilibrium between MTHFR 677 T-allele and 1298C-allele, MTHFR TT-children showed early mean age of onset though not significant. Offspring of MTHFR 677 TT-mother...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 15 September 2019Source: Advances in Biological RegulationAuthor(s): Samuel Gusscott, Francesco Tamiro, Vincenzo Giambra, Andrew P. WengAbstractT-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive cancer, characterized by an uncontrolled expansion and accumulation of T-cell progenitors. During leukemic progression, immature T cells grow abnormally and occupy the bone marrow compartment, thereby interfering with the production of normal blood cells. Pediatric T-ALL is curable with intensive chemotherapy, but there are significant, long-term side effects and ∼20% of patients suf...
Source: Advances in Biological Regulation - Category: Biology Source Type: research
uilera Rivera-Luna Juárez-Méndez B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most commonly diagnosed childhood malignancy worldwide; more than 50% of these cases are diagnosed in Mexico. Although the five-year survival rate is >80%, 30% of patients experience relapse with poor prognosis. Cancer-associated gene expression profiles have been identified in several malignancies, and some transcripts have been used to predict disease prognosis. The human transcriptome is incompletely elucidated; moreover, more than 80% of transcripts can be processed via alternative splicing (AS), which increases t...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Citalan-Madrid AF, Cabral-Pacheco GA, Martinez-de-Villarreal LE, Villarreal-Martinez L, Ibarra-Ramirez M, Garza-Veloz I, Cardenas-Vargas E, Marino-Martinez I, Martinez-Fierro ML Abstract B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) is a hematological malignancy of immature B-cell precursors, affecting children more often than adults. The etiology of BCP-ALL is still unknown, but environmental factors, sex, race or ethnicity, and genomic alterations influence the development of the disease. Tools based on protein detection, such as flow cytometry, mass spectrometry, mass cytometry and reverse pha...
Source: Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 119Author(s): Dongfang Guo, Airong Zhang, Jing Huang, Meifang Suo, Yaping Zhong, Yile LiangAbstractAcute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), usually treated with chemotherapy, has limited therapeutic effects and high toxicity. Upregulation of HSP70 induces tumor development, however, the molecular mechanism of HSP70 in ALL remains unclear. In our research, we aimed to investigate the role of HSP70 in ALL, specifically the molecular mechanisms underlying cell apoptosis and proliferation. We found that HSP70 expression in leukomonocytes from ALL patien...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research
Recurrent clonal genetic alterations are the hallmark of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) and govern the risk stratification, response to treatment and clinical outcome. In this retrospective study conducted on ALL patient samples, the purpose was to estimate the copy number alterations (CNAs) in ALL by digitalMLPA (dMLPA), validation of the dMLPA data by conventional MLPA and RT-PCR, and correlation of CNAs with Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) status. The ALL patient samples (n = 151; B-ALL, n = 124 cases and T-ALL, n = 27 cases) were assessed for CNAs by dMLPA for detection of sub-microscopic CNAs and ploidy status. Thi...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), usually treated with chemotherapy, has limited therapeutic effects and high toxicity. Upregulation of HSP70 induces tumor development, however, the molecular mechanism of HSP70 in ALL remains unclear. In our research, we aimed to investigate the role of HSP70 in ALL, specifically the molecular mechanisms underlying cell apoptosis and proliferation. We found that HSP70 expression in leukomonocytes from ALL patients was increased compared with the control group. HSP70 expression in NALM-6 and BE-13 was also up-regulated contrast with AHH-1. Inhibition of HSP70 significant...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
In conclusion, these recent studies strongly support CD123 as an important therapeutic target for the treatment of BPDCN, while a possible in the treatment of AML and other hematological malignancies will have to be evaluated by in the ongoing clinical studies.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionIntussusception, which is common in pediatric patients but rare in adults with leukemia, usually presents with an intralumenal lesion as a lead point in adults.Case reportWe herein report the case of a 38-year-old female who developed right lower quadrant abdominal pain and fever on day 16 of chemotherapy. Abdominal computed tomography showed ileocecal intussusception. The patient underwent surgery, and the definitive pathological diagnosis was typhlitis leading to intussusception. Albeit very rare in adults, typhlitis-induced intussusception should be suspected in those with leukemia presenting with abdominal pain.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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