Underlying Mental Illness and Psychosocial Factors Are Predictors of Poor Outcomes After Proximal Humerus Repair

Objectives: (1) To assess the correlation of psychosocial factors and long-term outcomes of proximal humerus fractures all in surgical repair; (2) to identify specific psychosocial factors with favorable and unfavorable outcomes; and (3) to assess the correlation between DSM-V mental health diagnoses and long-term Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) scores. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Academic medical center. Patients: Patients were screened and identified on presentation to the emergency department or in the clinical office for inclusion in an institutional review board–approved registry. One hundred eighty-five proximal humerus fractures of 247 met inclusion criteria. Intervention: Surgical repair of proximal humerus fractures. Main Outcome Measure: All patients were prospectively followed up and assessed for clinical and functional outcomes at latest follow-up visit (mean = 24.8 months) using the DASH questionnaires along with ranges of motion and pain level. Psychosocial factors at 3 months were obtained from the DASH survey. Results: Concomitant diagnosis of depressed mood (P = 0.001), anxiety (P
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Related Links:

Pediatric chronic pain is associated with risk of impact across social, emotional, and behavioral domains at child and family levels.30,52,67 Extant literature highlights psychosocial factors that can foster resilience and others that underlie vulnerability for poor pain coping and disability. Resilience factors, such as pain acceptance and psychosocial adjustment, have been found to promote the use of adaptive pain coping strategies within this population.14 Greater child and parent pain catastrophizing, clinically significant internalizing symptoms (e.g., anxiety, depression), and maladaptive parent responses (e.g., over...
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
ConclusionsStrongly believing that thinking about pain helps you solve problems or cope with pain (positive metacognition), or that it is harmful and uncontrollable (negative metacognition), can increase the amount you worry or ruminate as pain increases. This is associated with increased pain catastrophizing. Identifying and modifying these unhelpful pain metacognitions may improve treatments for pain catastrophizing and thereby chronic pain generally.
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Michaelides A, Zis P Abstract Pain is a subjective experience that is influenced by genetics, gender, social, cultural and personal parameters. Opposed to chronic pain, which by definition has to last for at least 3 months, acute pain is mostly because of trauma, acute medical conditions or treatment. The link between mood disorders and acute pain has proven to be increasingly significant since the link is bi-directional, and both act as risk factors for each other. Depression and anxiety are associated with increased perception of pain severity, whereas prolonged duration of acute pain leads to increased ...
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionSystemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease characterized by progressive fibrosis of the skin and internal organs, leading to their failure and disturbances in the morphology and function of blood vessels. The disease affects people in different ways, and identifying how the difficulties and limitations are related to quality of life may contribute to designing helpful interventions. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with quality of life in people with SSc.MethodsThis was a cross-sectional study conducted in 11 rheumatic centres in Poland. Patients diagnosed with SSc w...
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Today’s post is another one where there’s very little to guide my thinking… Have you ever wondered why we read so much research looking at the characteristics of the people who look for help with their pain – yet not nearly as much about us, the people who do the helping? There are studies about us – thanks Ben – and others! (Darlow, Dowell, Baxter, Mathieson, Perr &Dean, 2013; Farin, Gramm &Schmidt, 2013; Parsons, Harding, Breen, Foster, Pincus, Vogel &Underwood, 2007). We know some things are helpful for people with pain: things like listening capabilities (Matthias, Ba...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Chronic pain Coping strategies Pain conditions Professional topics Research Science in practice attitudes beliefs communication nocebo Source Type: blogs
Low back pain and neck pain are the leading causes of disability.14 Major depressive and anxiety disorders are the third and ninth leading causes of disability.14 Moreover, spinal pain, depression and anxiety often coexist: 15-45% of people with persistent pain also experience some form of depression and/or anxiety.3,25,26 When these comorbidities exist, healthcare costs are considerable higher.28
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
BACKGROUND Older trauma patients have increased risk of adverse in-hospital outcomes. We previously demonstrated that low preinjury Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) independently predicted poor discharge outcomes. We hypothesized that low PPS would predict long-term outcomes in older trauma patients. METHODS Prospective observational study of trauma patients aged ≥55 years admitted between July 2016 and April 2018. Preinjury PPS was assessed at admission; low PPS was defined as 70 or less. Primary outcomes were mortality and functional outcomes, measured by Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOSE), at discharge and ...
Source: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: AAST 2018 PODIUM PAPER Source Type: research
The last 30 years or more of pain research and management have been exciting for us pain nerds. We’ve learned so much about processes involved in nociception, about the psychology of our responses to nociceptive input, about treatments (that often don’t work terribly well), and we’ve discovered that we (mainly) don’t know what we don’t know. There are some big questions though, that have yet to be answered – and don’t yet share the limelight that neurobiological processes seem to hog. Here are a few of my big questions. How do we alter public health policy to move from an acute ...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Motivation Pain conditions Professional topics Science in practice questions Source Type: blogs
Authors: Bayoumi AB, Ikizgul O, Karaali CN, Bozkurt S, Konya D, Toktas ZO Abstract Antidepressant drugs can be advantageous in treating psychiatric and non-psychiatric illnesses, including spinal disorders. However, spine surgeons remain unfamiliar with the advantages and disadvantages of the use of antidepressant drugs as a part of the medical management of diseases of the spine. Our review article describes a systematic method using the PubMed/Medline database with a specific set of keywords to identify such benefits and drawbacks based on 17 original relevant articles published between January 2000 and February ...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this multicentric observational study, referral to an FRP was linked to pain, self-reported physical activity and sick leave but not medical characteristics assessed. These findings confirm the bio-psycho-social approach of FRPs for cLBP.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
More News: Academia | Anxiety | Depression | Disability | Emergency Medicine | Gastroschisis Repair | Men | Orthopaedics | Pain | Study