Myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome: A case series

Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Case Reports in Women's HealthAuthor(s): Glaiza S. de Guzman, Eileen M. ManaloAbstractUterine leiomyomas are tumor-associated causes of secondary erythrocytosis. Ectopic erythropoietin production by fibroid smooth muscles has been proposed and demonstrated in the literature. Here, we present three cases of large leiomyomas with an incidental finding of isolated erythrocytosis on preoperative workup. Two patients underwent total abdominal hysterectomy while one patient underwent a myomectomy. Both histologic examination confirming the diagnosis of leiomyoma and serial complete blood counts showing normalization of postoperative hemoglobin levels together with isolated erythrocytosis constitute the criteria to fulfill a diagnosis of myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome. All three criteria were observed in the three cases described. To date, fewer than 40 cases have been reported worldwide. These are the first reported cases of myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome in the Philippines.
Source: Case Reports in Womens Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

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AbstractPurposeTo establish MRI features that help differentiate atypical leiomyomas and leiomyomas with degeneration that show hyperintensity on T2WI from leiomyosarcomas.Methods and materialsThis retrospective study evaluated 41 women who performed MRI before undergoing hysterectomy and had histologically proven atypical leiomyomas, leiomyomas with degeneration or leiomyosarcomas (21 leiomyomas; 20 leiomyosarcomas); only patients with T2 hyperintense myometrial tumors were included. The association between MRI features (contours; free pelvic fluid; intra-tumoral hemorrhagic areas, T2 heterogeneity; T2 dark areas; flow vo...
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Purpose of review Uterine leiomyomas are the most common benign uterine smooth muscle tumors. On the basis of imaging, these masses are often presumed to be benign conventional leiomyomas and surgical excision is a common treatment choice. After myomectomy or hysterectomy for presumed leiomyomas, the surgical pathology report may reveal an unexpected diagnosis of another type of mesenchymal tumor. These can range from a variant of benign smooth muscle tumors to smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential to malignant sarcomas. This review describes these variant pathologies and reviews data on recurrence risk a...
Source: Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: SPECIAL COMMENTARIES Source Type: research
ConclusionLM is not associated with an increased risk of complications compared with TLH in women over the age of 40 years undergoing treatment for uterine leiomyomata.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) held the 2018 Utian Translational Science Symposium on October 2, 2018, in San Diego, California, to discuss new therapeutic approaches to uterine leiomyomas when surgery is not the optimal choice. Uterine leiomyomas arise from a single clonal cell and are the most common gynecologic disorder affecting reproductive and perimenopausal women worldwide. The prevalence of this disorder is approximately 40% to 70% in white women and 60% to 80% in black women. Recent research suggests that both estrogen and progesterone modulate the growth of leiomyomas, with progesterone being a majo...
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: NAMS Translational Science Symposium Report Source Type: research
We report an unusual case of a leiomyosarcoma arising six months post myomectomy in a 16-year old female.Graphical abstractRadiographic images (A) starting with the CT of mass on day 0 followed by the CT abdomen/pelvis of second pelvic mass leiomyosarcoma on day 185, the MRI prior to staging surgery on day 317, and finishing up with the MRI of the recurrence of malignancy. Timeline of patient events (B). Our patient initially underwent a diagnostic laparoscopy with pelvic mass biopsies showing leiomyoma which was followed by an abdominal myomectomy. She re-presented to the hospital on Day 190 and urgently underwent an expl...
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
In conclusion, patients with HLRCC undergo surgery at young ages for highly symptomatic uterine leiomyomas. FH-d morphology is usually a diffuse and well developed finding across different leiomyomas but may be absent or focal and subtle. FH IHC can show variable results and presence of retained FH staining should not be used to exclude the possibility of HLRCC. Referral for genetic counselling and testing should be considered in a young patient with uterine leiomyomas showing FH-d morphology even if immunohistochemical staining for FH is retained.
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
We report a case of primary uterine OS with pulmonary metastasis in a 74-yr-old woman. Histopathologic features of the uterine tumor were in keeping with a pure chondroblastic OS composed of neoplastic cells with osteoblastic/chondroblastic differentiation and neoplastic bone formation. Despite treatment with Doxorubicin and Olaratumab and later with palliative radiation therapy, the patient died 7 mo after hysterectomy due to multiple distant metastases. A targeted next-generation sequencing assay based on a 637-gene panel was performed to analyze genetic alterations in this highly aggressive tumor, but no somatic ...
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Pathology of the Corpus: Case Reports Source Type: research
Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences, Ahead of Print. The endogenous fluorophores such as reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) (NAD(P)H) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) in cells and tissues can be imaged by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) to show the tissue morphology features, as well as the biomolecular changes in microenvironment. The two important coenzymes in cellular metabolism, NAD(P)H and FAD, can be used to monitor the cellular metabolic status. This work proposed a novel method to study the uterine metabolism at the adjacent site of healthy cervix. It was found that...
Source: Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionMultiple clinical features are associated with the presence of a uterine sarcoma, but when incorporated into a prediction model, they fail to provide significantly more information about women who may have an unrecognized sarcoma and only marginally improve the certainty about women who are not likely to have sarcoma.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Source: Cancer Management and Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Management and Research Source Type: research
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