Myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome: A case series

Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Case Reports in Women's HealthAuthor(s): Glaiza S. de Guzman, Eileen M. ManaloAbstractUterine leiomyomas are tumor-associated causes of secondary erythrocytosis. Ectopic erythropoietin production by fibroid smooth muscles has been proposed and demonstrated in the literature. Here, we present three cases of large leiomyomas with an incidental finding of isolated erythrocytosis on preoperative workup. Two patients underwent total abdominal hysterectomy while one patient underwent a myomectomy. Both histologic examination confirming the diagnosis of leiomyoma and serial complete blood counts showing normalization of postoperative hemoglobin levels together with isolated erythrocytosis constitute the criteria to fulfill a diagnosis of myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome. All three criteria were observed in the three cases described. To date, fewer than 40 cases have been reported worldwide. These are the first reported cases of myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome in the Philippines.
Source: Case Reports in Womens Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

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