Obesity and overweight among medical college students in Belagavi, Karnataka

ConclusionOverweight and obesity was higher in males as compared to females, those who were in the upper class and those who were older than 23 years.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Costoclavicular brachial plexus block is a good alternative for upper limb anesthesia distal to the elbow, being a safe and effective option for patients who are obese or have other limitations to the use of other upper limb blocking techniques. PMID: 31519300 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Rev Bras Anestesiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Epidemiological figures emerging from this study confirm that trends in Lebanon are in line with a global pattern of decreasing age at menarche. Urban-rural differences suggest that higher caloric content of diet and consequent early overweight, more evident in urban areas, are likely determinants of younger menarche. Evidence from this study calls for an urgent implementation of comprehensive multisectoral obesity prevention in children in Lebanon. PMID: 31519350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue d Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique Source Type: research
Authors: Gustat J, Anderson CE, O'Malley K, Hu T, Tabak RG, Goins KV, Valko C, Litt JS, Eyler AA Abstract BACKGROUND: To assess how perceptions of the community built environment influence support for community policies that promote physical activity (PA). METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey assessed perceptions of the local built environment and support of community policies, including school and workplace policies, promoting PA. A random digit-dialed telephone survey was conducted in US counties selected on Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for high or low prevalence of obesity and inacti...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research
Authors: Li X, Liu M, Ji JY Abstract Multiple large-scale epidemiological studies have identified obesity as an important risk factor for a variety of human cancers, particularly cancers of the uterus, gallbladder, kidney, liver, colon, and ovary, but there is much uncertainty regarding how obesity increases the cancer risks. Given that obesity has been consistently identified as a major risk factor for uterine tumors, the most common malignancies of the female reproductive system, we use uterine tumors as a pathological context to survey the relevant literature and propose a novel hypothesis: chronic downregulatio...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
ConclusionsEDA aggravates steatosis by striking balance between lipid deposition and elimination. It was a potential biomarker of NAFLD.
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study provide evidence that obesity affects the expression of the subset of genes related to immune response in the blood and that development of insulin resistance in obese adolescents is associated with strong down-regulation of the expressions of HLA-DRA, HLA-DRB1, HLA-F, and HLA-G genes, which may be contribute to the development of obesity complications. It is possible that transcription factor NFX1 and miR-190b participate in downregulation of HLA-DRA gene expression in the blood of obese adolescents with insulin resistance. PMID: 31517622 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Endocrine Regulations - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr Regul Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Results of this investigation provide evidence that insulin resistance in obese adolescents is associated with gene specific changes in the expression of IGF1, IGF2, IGFBP2, IGFBP5, IGFBP7, and HTRA1 genes and these changes possibly contribute to the development of glucose intolerance and insulin resistance. PMID: 31517621 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Endocrine Regulations - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr Regul Source Type: research
Conclusions: Irisin levels do not differ after the onset of puberty thereafter with the progressing pubertal maturation. This may have important implications when using this adipomyokine in the future for diagnosis or treatment of obesity-related diseases. PMID: 31514491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol Source Type: research
In this study we investigated these questions using eye-tracking and a two alternative forced food-choice task after measuring subjective values (attitude extremity) and their accompanying accessibility, certainty, and stability. Understanding this basic decision-making process is key if we are to gain insight on how to combat societal problems like obesity and other issues related to diet. We found that participants allocated more attention to items with lower attitude accessibility, but tended to choose items with higher attitude accessibility. Higher attitude certainty and stability had no effects on attention, but led ...
Source: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 62Author(s): Ruiyu Wu, Xin Tang, Xincong Kang, Yushuang Luo, Lei Wang, Jian Li, Xiyang Wu, Dongbo LiuAbstractNumerous microbiotas, which play important roles in health, inhabit the human gut. A traditional Chinese medicine dietary therapy (TCMDT) diet, consisted of whole grains and traditional Chinese medicines, is traditionally used to lessen hyperglycemia and reduce obesity. The Simulator of the human intestinal microbial ecosystem (SHIME) was used for studying the effect of the TCMDT diet on gut microbiota and short chain fatty acids. The TCMDT d...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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