The Case | An 82-year-old male with worsening kidney function

An 82-year-old male, with a history of bowel cancer with partial colectomy, gastroesophageal reflux disease, remote partial gastrectomy for peptic ulcer disease, and no documented prior kidney disease, presents with several months of fatigue and subacute decline in kidney function. He had no history of diabetes, hypertension, kidney stones, or prior urinary tract infections. He denied use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, herbal medications, and recent antibiotics. There was no family history of renal disease.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Make Your Diagnosis Source Type: research

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Publication date: April 2020Source: Phytochemistry Letters, Volume 36Author(s): Fahd M. Abdelkarem, Ezz-Eldin K. Desoky, Alaa M. Nafady, Ahmed E. Allam, Aldoushy Mahdy, Maki Nagata, Tomofumi Miyamoto, Kuniyoshi ShimizuAbstractFurther chemical study of the crude extract of the soft coral Heteroxenia fuscescens (Fam., Xeniidea), led to isolation of two new sterols, Heterofuscesterols A (1) and B (2), a sterol isolated for the first time from natural sources, 3β,5α,6β-trihydroxyandrosta-17-one (3), along with one new hydroperoxy sesquiterpene, Heterofusceterpene A (4), and one known ceramide (5). Their structu...
Source: Phytochemistry Letters - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2020Source: Microchemical Journal, Volume 155Author(s): Karolina Nowak, Marcin Zawadzki, Tomasz JurekAbstractPostmortem diagnosis of hyperglycaemia is a challenge in forensic medicine. Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is considered one of the markers providing an alternative to postmortem determinations of glucose concentration. On the other hand, glycated albumin (GA) may be determined in cases of difficulty in determining HbA1c.The aim of this study was to implement and evaluate the usefulness of methods enabling determination of HbA1c an GA in postmortem material (HbA1c–peripheral blood, GA&ndas...
Source: Microchemical Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Chemical Engineering JournalAuthor(s): Meitong Ou, Chao Pan, Yongkang Yu, Xuan Wang, Yun Zhou, Hanjie Zhang, Qinzhen Cheng, Meiying Wu, Xiaoyuan Ji, Lin MeiAbstractExcessive reactive oxygen species (ROS), as effective cancer therapeutic agents, can promote tumor apoptosis. However, the clinical applications of ROS-mediated cancer therapies still have many limitations, such as self-defects of traditional photosensitizer, adverse tumor microenvironment (TME), and insufficient ROS production. Here, two-dimensional and highly oxidized ilmenite nanosheets (HOIL NSs, for...
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Chemical Engineering JournalAuthor(s): Yang Zhang, Yanjun Xu, Di Sun, Zheying Meng, Weiwei Ying, Wei Gao, Rui Hou, Yuanyi Zheng, Xiaojun Cai, Bing Hu, Xianfang LinAbstractAs a promising treatment modality with spatial and temporal control, alternating magnetic field (AMF) triggered magnetic hyperthermal therapy (MHT) shows broad and promising applications to overcome the drawbacks of traditional focal therapies in combating cancer. However, the MHT efficacy is still not satisfactory with the presence of heat shock proteins (HSPs). In addition, sustained tumor hypox...
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Chem. Commun., 2020, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/D0CC00416B, CommunicationXinwei Tian, Zhao Li, Ning Ding, Jiahang Zhang We have developed a novel near-infrared ratiometric fluorescent theranostic nanoprobe. Reaction with glutathione, it would release a near-infrared fluorophore and chemotherapy drug. Notably, this nanoprobe can selectively kill cancer HeLa,... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Chem. Commun. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The FHS can favor the care and control of SAH in Brazil. Thus, it must receive investments that guarantee its effectiveness.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT: Introduction: In high-income countries, persons of high socioeconomic status (SES) have a lower cardiovascular risk. However, in middle and low-income countries, the results are controversial. Objective: To evaluate the association between family income and cardiovascular risk factors in young adults. Methods: A total of 2,063 individuals of a birth cohort initiated in 1978/79 in the city of Ribeir ão Preto, Brazil, were evaluated at age of 23/25 years. Cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL)...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The findings, such as the inverse relationship with tuberculosis treatment discontinuation in the group of people with comorbidity, reinforce the importance of integrated actions in health services to change the scenario of this challenging comorbidity.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
This article presents her outstanding character and most important lines of research. The focus of her studies covered alkylative and oxidative damage to DNA bases, in particular mutagenic and carcinogenic properties of purines with an open imidazole ring and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoGua). They also included analysis of mutagenic properties and pathways for the repair of DNA adducts of lipid peroxidation (LPO) products arising in large quantities during inflammation. Professor Tudek did all of this in the hope of deciphering the mechanisms of DNA damage removal, in particular by the base excision repair (BER) pathway...
Source: Mutation Research Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionsBlood Metallothionein- 2A relative expression and oxidant status may have a prognostic value in breast cancer patients.
Source: Meta Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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