The impact of proton LET/RBE modeling and robustness analysis on base-of-skull and pediatric craniopharyngioma proton plans relative to VMAT.

Conclusion: For base-of-skull and pediatric craniopharyngioma cases, both physical and biological robustness analyses should be considered for IMPT: these analyses can substantially affect the sparing of OARs and comparisons against VMAT. All proton RBE modeling is subject to high levels of uncertainty, but the clinical community should remain cognizant possible RBE effects. Careful clinical and imaging follow-up, plus further research on end-of-range RBE mitigation strategies such as LET optimization, should be prioritized for these cohorts of proton patients. PMID: 31429359 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research

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In this study, a weighted co-expression network for ES was constructed through weighted gene co-expression network analysis to identify co-expression modules associated with clinical phenotypes. The hub genes in the metastasis- and OVS-related co-expression modules were extracted, and the association between the hub genes and patient OVS was verified in another independent Gene Expression Omnibus dataset. Functional annotations and protein-protein interaction analysis of co-expression modules were also used to understand the potential regulatory mechanisms. The results of the functional enrichment analysis revealed that th...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Gui W, Li J, Zhang Z, Wang L, Zhao J, Ma L, Su L Abstract The present case report investigated the clinical characteristics of primary hematological malignancy of the uterine cervixin five patients. Among the five patients, three patients were diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and two patients with myeloid sarcoma (MS) of the uterine cervix. Biopsies of the uterine cervices demonstrated the involvement of lymphoid cells or myeloid blasts cells. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated the expression of B-lymphoid and myeloid lineage markers. The associated lysozyme, myeloperoxidase and mast/stem...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Robert James Cusimano
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
We report current UK practice for immobilisation of soft tissue sarcoma of STSE, as part of the initial study set-up within the IMRiS trial, a phase II study of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in primary bone and soft tissue sarcoma.
Source: Radiography - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract To evaluate the clinical impact of biological uncertainties in small field proton therapy due to the assumption of using a constant relative biological effectiveness (RBE) value of 1.1 (RBE-fixed) compared to a variable RBE (RBE-weighted). In this context the impact of the applied range margin was investigated.
 
 Eight patients with arteriovenous malformation (AVM) treated with proton radiosurgery were selected due to the small target volume. Dose distributions were compared for RBE-weighted and RBE-fixed. The impact of RBE was assessed using Monte Carlo (MC) dose calculations for stereot...
Source: Physics in Medicine and Biology - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Phys Med Biol Source Type: research
Abstract Benign notochordal cell tumors (BNCTs) are considered to be benign intraosseous lesions of notochord origin; however, recent spine studies have suggested the possibility that some chordomas arise from BNCTs. Here, the authors describe two cases demonstrating histological features of BNCT and concomitant chordoma involving the clivus, which, to the best of the authors' knowledge, have not been previously documented at this anatomical site.An 18-year-old female presented with an incidentally discovered clival mass. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 2.8-cm nonenhancing lesion in the upper clivus that was...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data suggest that ORF52 co-expression is effective for enhancing CRISPR/Cas9-mediated HDR, which may be useful for future studies involving precise genome editing. PMID: 31519773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Bioscience Reports - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Biosci Rep Source Type: research
ConclusionIncidence rates of STS and BS have been stable since 2001. The longer RS in STS can be attributed to advances in sarcoma patient management.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aims to provide the first epidemiological analysis of incidence and survival rates of STS in the Australian population.MethodsA retrospective population-based observational study was conducted between 1982 and 2009 of all patients with a diagnosis of STS using the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) Australian Cancer Database. Incidence rates per 100,000; incidence rate ratios, age-standardized incidence rates, prevalence and incidence rates of subtypes of STS, median, one-year and 5-year survival rates were examined.ResultsA total of 26,970 patients were identified. Between 1982 and 2009 STS incid...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Pituitary Tumor;   Meningioma;   Rathke Cleft Cysts;   Chordoma;   Chondrosarcoma;   Craniopharyngioma;   Encephalocele;   Esthesioneuroblastoma Intervention:   Sponsor:   Ohio State University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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