Medium and long-term risks of specific cardiovascular diseases in survivors of 20 adult cancers: a population-based cohort study using multiple linked UK electronic health records databases

In this study, we used large-scale electronic health records data from multiple linked UK databases to address these evidence gaps.MethodsFor this population-based cohort study, we used linked primary care, hospital, and cancer registry data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink to identify cohorts of survivors of the 20 most common cancers who were 18 years or older and alive 12 months after diagnosis and controls without history of cancer, matched for age, sex, and general practice. We compared risks for a range of cardiovascular disease outcomes using crude and adjusted Cox models. We fitted interactions to investigate effect modification, and flexible parametric survival models to estimate absolute excess risks over time.FindingsBetween Jan 1, 1990, and Dec 31, 2015, 126 120 individuals with a diagnosis of a cancer of interest still being followed up at least 1 year later were identified and matched to 630 144 controls. After exclusions, 108 215 cancer survivors and 523 541 controls were included in the main analyses. Venous thromboembolism risk was elevated in survivors of 18 of 20 site-specific cancers compared with that of controls; adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) ranged from 1·72 (95% CI 1·57–1·89) in patients after prostate cancer to 9·72 (5·50–17·18) after pancreatic cancer. HRs decreased over time, but remained elevated more than 5 years after diagnosis. We observed increased risks of heart failur...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
While other health care providers were reporting losses of hundreds of thousands of dollars a day as patients stayed away from hospitals, the cancer treatment provider reported its best financial year.
Source: Arkansas Business - Health Care - Category: American Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Our data suggested that combined therapy with monensin might be a useful strategy for preventing EMT-mediated acquired drug resistance. PMID: 32736704 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
A mutation found in esophageal cancer alters integrin β4 mRNA splicing. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2020 Aug 27;529(3):726-732 Authors: Kelly GT, Faraj R, Dai Z, Cress AE, Wang T Abstract Integrin β4 (CD104, mRNA: ITGβ4) contributes to anchoring cells to the extracellular matrix and is regulated in many cancer types where it contributes to tumor progression. One splice variant, integrin β4E, is poorly characterized. We extracted several mutations from tumor samples within ITGB4 near the splice site that controls ITGβ4E production, and computational analysis predicted six of th...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the stability and therapeutic efficacy of the modified LNA- and PNA-type anti-miRs in a murine prostate cancer model under various treatment conditions. After verifying the anti-cancer potential of anti-miR21 by targeting tumor suppressor PTEN, the potential of the modified LNA- and PNA-type anti-miR21s was compared in vitro and in vivo. We found that PNA-type anti-miR21 showed better stability and therapeutic efficacy in the xenografted mouse tumor model than the LNA-type anti-miR21. Furthermore, PNA-type anti-miR21 treatment showed reduced tumor metastasis. This study may serve a...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
In conclusion, five different imatinib-resistant GIST cell lines including the EXOC2-AK7 fusion gene derived from GIST-R5 represent important research tools for the investigation of cancer cell mechanisms underlying drug resistance and genetic variation. Furthermore, our study may facilitate pre-clinical studies of new therapeutic strategies. PMID: 32736695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
Abstract The anticancer antibiotic heptelidic acid is a sesquiterpene lactone produced by the beneficial plant fungus Trichoderma virens. This species has been separated into two strains, referred to as P and Q, based on its biosynthesis of secondary metabolites; notably, only P-strains were reported to produce heptelidic acid. While characterizing a Q-strain of T. virens containing a directed mutation in the non-ribosomal peptide synthetase encoding gene Tex7, the appearance of an unknown compound in anomalously large quantities was visualized by TLC. Using a combination of HPLC, LC-MS/MS, and NMR spectrosco...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
The objective of the study is to determine the patterns of regulation of single-walled carbon nanotube accumulation, distribution, and agglomeration in glioma cells exposed to an external electric field. C6 glioma cells were treated with 5 μg/ml DNA wrapped single-walled carbon nanotubes and exposed to bi-phasic electric pulses (6.6 V/m, 200 Hz, pulse duration 1 ms). Nanotube accumulation was determined by Raman microspectroscopy and their intracellular local concentration was evaluated using the G-band intensity in Raman spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes. It was revealed that the low-frequen...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
In conclusion, the deletion of Prx I triggered the DMBA/TPA-induced skin tumor formation in vivo and in vitro by regulating the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. These findings provide a theoretical basis for treating skin cancer. PMID: 32736685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
In this study, we initially investigated the distribution of Scai mRNA in the developing rat brain and in neurons. We found that, although Scai mRNA levels decreased during brain development, it was highly expressed in several brain regions and in neurons but not astrocytes. Subsequently, in addition to Scai variant 1, we identified novel rat Scai variants 2 and 3 and characterized their functions in Neuro-2a cells. The novel Scai variants 2 and 3 contain unique exons that possess stop codons and therefore encode shorter proteins compared with the full-length Scai variant 1. SCAI variants 2 and 3 possess a nuclear localiza...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
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