Prevalence of Malaria and TB Coinfection at a National Tuberculosis Treatment Centre in Uganda.

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of malaria/TB coinfection among bacteriologically confirmed adult TB patients at a national TB treatment centre in Uganda. Using a cross-sectional study design we enrolled 363 bacteriologically confirmed adult TB patients, and data on demographics and medical history was collected. Blood samples were tested for malaria blood smear, rapid malaria diagnostic test (RDT), complete blood count, haematological film analysis, HIV serology, and CD4+ and CD8+ cell counts. Malaria was defined as either a positive blood smear or RDT. The study participants were mostly male (61.4%), with a median age of 31 (interquartile range, IQR: 25-39) years, and 35.8% were HIV positive. The prevalence of malaria was 2.2% (8/363) on the overall and 5% (3/58) among participants with rifampicin resistance. A triple infection of HIV, malaria, and rifampicin resistant TB was observed in 3 participants. The prevalence of malaria among TB patients is low, and further evaluation of the epidemiological, clinical, and immunological interaction of the two diseases is warranted. PMID: 31428162 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

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Credit: WHO/2017By Ryan Forrest, Sara Rose TaylorOTTAWA, Sep 2 2019 (IPS) Trends in global consumption of cigarettes haven’t improved since the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) came into force, according to a study published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) earlier this summer. Perhaps this is because the FCTC on its own is not a magic bullet. Governments have paid the issue of tobacco-use a lot of lip service but they have invested very little to match the global burden of the epidemic. Simply agreeing on what needs to be done (i.e. negotiating and ratifying...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Aid Development & Aid Environment Featured Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news
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Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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Source: Braz J Infect Dis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Braz J Infect Dis Source Type: research
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Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
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Source: Current Drug Discovery Technologies - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Drug Discov Technol Source Type: research
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Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: SwitchPoint Source Type: news
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Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Nutrition Leadership and Governance Policy & Advocacy SwitchPoint Source Type: news
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Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
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