Insect repellents: An updated review for the clinician
Malaria, Zika virus, West Nile virus, Dengue fever, and Lyme disease are common causes of morbidity and mortality around the world. While arthropod bites may cause local inflammation and discomfort, a greater concern is the potential to develop deadly systemic infection. Prevention of systemic infections by use of insect repellent (IR) constitutes one of the most critical aspects of public health efforts. Cost-effectiveness, availability, and high-efficacy against arthropod vectors are the key characteristics of an ideal IR.
Conclusions: Severe malaria is a highly frequent event in pregnant women, without differences by Plasmodium species. It shows early recognizable dangers signs. Hospital under-reporting was identified in 88% of severe cases as well as a lack of laboratory tests for a more comprehensive diagnosis. A protocol for the clinical diagnosis of pregnant women with malaria is required. PMID: 31529822 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusiones. Los indicadores de competencia de la red local y de desempeño de los laboratorios intermedios alcanzaron altos estándares de calidad acordes con el proceso de entrenamiento implementado en el país. PMID: 31529838 [PubMed - in process]
[Trastornos gastrointestinales funcionales después de un episodio de dengue no grave sin signos de alarma]. Biomedica. 2019 Aug 01;39(Supl. 2):93-100 Authors: Velasco-Benítez CA, Ortiz-Rivera CJ Abstract Introducción. La patogenia de los trastornos funcionales gastrointestinales involucra agentes infecciosos como los virus. Objetivo. Investigar el desarrollo de trastornos funcionales gastrointestinales en niños, a los 3, 6, 9 y 12 meses después de un episodio de dengue no grave sin signos de alarma. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio de cohorte de 73 ni&n...
[Inmunorreacción de la infección por el virus de Zika en retina de ratones]. Biomedica. 2019 Aug 01;39(Supl. 2):8-10 Authors: Rivera J, Rengifo AC, Santamaría G, Corchuelo S, Álvarez-Díaz D, Parra EA, Naizaque J, Monroy-Gómez J, Torres-Fernández O PMID: 31529828 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusion: Uganda successfully developed a national multi-hazard emergency preparedness and response plan using the preparedness logic model. The plan is now ready for implementation by the Uganda MoH and partners. PMID: 31526179 [PubMed - in process]
This study aims to investigate the antiatherogenic effects of the ethanol extract of U. diffracta and its mechanism.MethodA high fat diet and VD3 were used to establish the atherosclerotic rat model, with 0.004 g/kg/d of simvastatin as a positive control, fed with 0.7, 1.4, and 2.8 g/kg/d of Usnea ethanol extract for 21 days. The blood, liver, and aorta samples from each rat were collected after the last administration. Pharmacodynamic effects were evaluated. The inflammation related factors, the gene expressions of Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5), myeloid differentiating factor 88 (MyD88), and nuclear factor-κB (NF-...
Honduras is battling an especially deadly outbreak of dengue fever, with at least 135 people dead from dengue there this year, nearly two-thirds of them children
Conclusions: Intensified social behavior change communication with active community participation is the need of the hour to prevent malaria and dengue occurrence and future outbreaks.
Malaria, Zika virus, West Nile virus, Dengue fever, and Lyme disease are common causes of morbidity and mortality around the world. While arthropod bites may cause local inflammation and discomfort, a greater concern is the potential to develop deadly systemic infection. The use of insect repellents (IR) to prevent systemic infections constitutes a fundamental public health effort. Cost-effectiveness, availability, and high-efficacy against arthropod vectors are key characteristics of an ideal IR.
For most of us, springtime marks the return of life to a dreary landscape, bringing birdsong, trees in bud, and daffodils in bloom. But if you work for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the coming of spring means the return of nasty diseases spread by ticks and mosquitoes. The killjoys at CDC celebrated the end of winter with a bummer of a paper showing that infections spread by ticks doubled in the United States from 2004 to 2016. (Tick populations have exploded in recent decades, perhaps due to climate change and loss of biodiversity.) Lyme disease The most common infection spread by ticks in the US i...