Use of Dietary Supplements among Spanish Pediatricians in Daily Practice: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study.

Use of Dietary Supplements among Spanish Pediatricians in Daily Practice: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study. J Nutr Metab. 2019;2019:5819305 Authors: Güemes Heras I, Santamaría-Orleans A, Colinas Herrero JF, Gómez Sorrigueta P, Ortiz González L, de la Iglesia-Arnaez R, Canals Baeza A Abstract A cross-sectional survey study was designed to gather information on the use of dietary supplements by Spanish pediatricians. The study questionnaire was completed by 433 pediatricians (62% men, mean age 52.5 years) throughout the country. They also provided data on 10 of their patients (n = 4304) in which synbiotics, immune stimulants, and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) had been prescribed. Synbiotics were used by 92% of pediatricians, immune stimulants by 80.4%, and omega-3 PUFAs by 75.1%. Synbiotics were mainly used combined with antibiotics (92.6%) and for gastrointestinal disorders (91.2%), immune stimulants to enhance defenses and cold prevention (87.1%), and omega-3 PUFAs to improve symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (84.8%) and concentration (80.1%). Confidence and previous experience with the product (51.6%), composition and indications of the product (43.1%), and tolerability (39.9%) were main factors involved in decision-making. Children treated with omega-3 supplements were significantly older (mean age 7.6 (3.0) years) than those treated with synbiotics (3.9 (3.9) years) or...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

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In this study we collected the data using the Persian version of Conners Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Rating Scales (CAARS) 30-item questionnaire and a checklist designed by the researchers for demographic variables. SPSS 22 was used to analyze the data.Results:All the study participants were male and the mean age was 28.28 ±8.56 years. 16.7% of the motorcyclists had motorcycle driving license, 25.4% and 23.3% had the experience of driving fines and history of accident respectively. The mean score of hyperactivity disorder was 32.3±16.8. The mean score of ADHD was higher among the mot...
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 62Author(s): Peter Youssef, Siddharth Nath, Gary A Chaimowitz, Sebastien S. PratAbstractThis review aims to consolidate the available information on use of electroretinography as a diagnostic tool in psychiatry. The electroretinogram (ERG) has been found to have diagnostic utility in cocaine withdrawal (reduced light-adapted b-wave response), major depressive disorder (reduced contrast gain in pattern ERG), and schizophrenia (reduced a- and b-wave amplitudes). This review examines these findings as well as the applicability of ERG to substance use disorder, ...
Source: European Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion, Zinc supplements in adjuvant to the main treatment significantly improved symptoms of ADHD children. However, a combined zinc and iron supplements was superior to zinc alone in alleviating ADHD symptoms as well as IQ improvement.
Source: European Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Helga Krinzinger, Charlotte L Hall, Madeleine J Groom, Mohammed T Ansari, Tobias Banaschewski, Jan K Buitelaar, Sara Carucci, David Coghill, Marina Danckaerts, Ralf W Dittmann, Bruno Falissard, Peter Garas, Sarah K Inglis, Hanna Kovshoff, Puja Kochhar, Suzanne McCarthy, Peter Nagy, Antje Neubert, Samantha Roberts, Kapil SayalAbstractMethylphenidate (MPH), the most common medication for children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in many countries, is often prescribed for long periods of time. Any ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Many K-12 students face mental health challenges that affect them academically, socially, and emotionally. These challenges include anxiety, depression, trauma, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. While research on mental health models in school ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
AbstractObjectiveTo study the prevalence of epilepsy and Inter-ictal epileptiform discharges (IED) in children with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and the factors associated with occurrence of epilepsy in these children.MethodsChildren between 6 and 12 y attending the Child Development Centre of a tertiary-care institute in India were evaluated for ASD and ADHD as per Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). Childhood Autism Rating Scale was used to assess ASD severity,  and Conner’s Rating Scales were used to sub-classify ch...
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
FRIDAY, Sept. 20, 2019 -- Women who suffer from anemia early in pregnancy are at risk for having a child with autism, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and intellectual disabilities, a study by Swedish researchers suggests. The study...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Publication date: October 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 62Author(s): Ahmed Naguy, Mohamed S Hashem, Sulaiman AlKhadhar
Source: European Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Childress AC, Chow H Abstract Introduction: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder known to respond to amphetamine (AMPH). Multiple AMPH formulations have been developed during the past two decades and have focused mainly on extending the duration of effect. AMPH extended-release oral suspension, Dyanavel XR, (AMPH EROS) was developed to address the unmet needs of patients who have difficulty swallowing intact extended-release (ER) tablets and capsules. Areas covered: The pharmacokinetic profile of the AMPH EROS in children and adults is discussed along with th...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Abstract Pharmaceuticals which originally were designed to treat people with neurological and psychiatric conditions, e.g. Alzheimer's disease or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are nowadays often misused by students as a 'brain doping' substances. These substances are known as nootropic drugs, smart drugs or cognitive enhancers, as they increase memory, attention and concentration of healthy individuals. Since they are easily available illicitly, their consumption is observed to be growing. Currently, these pharmaceuticals started gaining researchers' attention, especially since they have been re...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
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