Mitral Valve Prolapse More Prevalent in Patients With Panic Disorder, Study Finds

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP), which occurs when the valve between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart does not close properly, is significantly more common in patients with panic disorder/agoraphobia, according to ameta-analysis inPsychosomatics (The Journal of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry). The findings confirm longstanding speculation that the two conditions are linked."This highlights the need of a careful cardiac examination in patients with [panic disorder], many of which also suffer from MVP, ” wrote Umit Tural, M.D., and Dan V. Iosifescu, M.D., M.Sc., of The Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research at NYU Langone Health.Also known as “click-murmur syndrome” because it creates a murmur in the heartbeat, MVP is not life threatening in most cases and typically does not require treatment. However, severe cases of MVP can lead to serious complications such as stroke and have been linked to sudden cardiac arrest.The meta-analysis included 14 studies comprising 1,146 participants. To be included in the analysis, the study must have included patients diagnosed with either panic disorder or agoraphobia (PD/A) and healthy controls and must have reported the prevalence of MVP in the PD/A groups. (PD and agoraphobia were considered together because the two conditions, as described inDSM, often overlap and share common symptoms.)Based on the analysis, prevalence of MVP was nearly three times higher in patients with panic disorder or ago...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Academy of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry agoraphobia mitral valve prolapse panic disorder Psychosomatics stroke sudden cardiac arrest Source Type: research

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