Sleep during infancy and later overweight

There is emerging evidence of a relationship between short sleep duration and poor quality of sleep with overweight and obesity. This has been clearly demonstrated in adults and there is increasing evidence of this relationship in children and adolescents. One area that needs more study is whether sleep patterns early in life are important for the development of subsequent obesity. This may be complicated because sleep in infants is more fragmented because it is interspersed with feedings. In this volume of The Journal, Tuohino et al report the results of their study that evaluated whether shorter sleep duration at 3 and 8 months of age is associated with risk of gaining excess weight at 24 months of age.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Significant difference in sleep duration was noted among adolescents of age ≥15 years as compared to the younger group in the present study.
Source: Indian Journal of Community Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
We present the first case of bariatric surgery in a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and outline management challenges in the context of the relevant literature. A 56-year-old man with type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and a body mass index of 41.8 kg/m2 was referred to the bariatric centre of the Churchill Hospital, Oxford, for consideration of surgery for morbid obesity. His comorbidity included type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia and obstructive sleep apnoea. He underwent a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. His initial recovery was uneventful and he was discharged on the first postoperative day. Six weeks ...
Source: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann R Coll Surg Engl Source Type: research
Researchers from Boston, Massachusetts, found children who had a big difference between their weekday and weekend sleep schedules were the ones most likely to be obese.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: De Jong A, Verzilli D, Chanques G, Futier E, Jaber S Abstract The obese patient is at an increased risk of perioperative complications. Most importantly, these include difficult access to the airways (intubation, difficult or impossible ventilation), and post-extubation respiratory distress secondary to the development of atelectasis or obstruction of the airways, sometimes associated with the use of morphine derivatives. The association of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) with obesity is very common, and induces a high risk of peri- and postoperative complications. Preoperative OSA screening is cruc...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Adolescent obesity is highly prevalent, but there is mounting evidence that this public health problem can be partly addressed by targeting improvements in sleep patterns. Currently, 58% of middle school –aged children and 78% of high school–aged adolescents sleep insufficiently. Meta-analyses of cross-sectional studies indicate that shorter sleep duration is associated with up to an 80% increased likelihood of childhood obesity. Longitudinal studies, providing evidence of temporality, report th at adolescents with shorter sleep durations are more likely to have higher body mass index growth trajectories, and a...
Source: JAMA Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
ConclusionBariatric surgery is possible after fundoplication without taking down the fundoplication. It appears to be a viable alternative in patients seeking weight loss surgery after fundoplication, which is currently assumed contraindicated.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterised by repetitive compromise of the upper airway, causing impaired ventilation, sleep fragmentation, and daytime functional impairment. It is a heterogeneous condition encompassing different phenotypes. The prevalence of OSA among patients presenting for elective surgery is growing, largely attributable to an increase in age and obesity rates, and most patients remain undiagnosed and untreated at the time of surgery. This condition is an established risk factor for increased perioperative cardiopulmonary morbidity, heightened in the presence of concurrent medica...
Source: Med J Aust - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
Study Objectives:The association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been reported inconsistently, and the association between antidepressant use and the risk of developing OSA in patients with PTSD has not been previously studied. Therefore, we used the Longitudinal National Health Insurance Database (LHID) to investigate the impact of PTSD and antidepressant use on the risk of OSA development.Methods:Identified from the LHID, 2,316 individuals aged≥ 18 years with PTSD, but with no history of OSA, and 23,160 control individuals matched for age, sex, obesity and index date ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
The objective of this clinical trial is to evaluate the effect of DWR-IT on overweight adults. The study is guided through practice based on scientific evidence for the use of training and aquatic rehabilitation. It is expected that after 12  weeks of aquatic intervention there will be a decrease in body fat by about 10%, evaluated by electrical bioimpedance, an increase of about 25% of cardiorespiratory endurance, evaluated by 6MWT, and an improvement of about 25% of physical function domains, self-esteem, distress in public places, and work, analyzed by IWQOL-LITE in the WG.Trial registrationThe study protocol was...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
A new study says naps aren’t a lazy indulgence. In moderation, they may actually be good for your heart. In a new paper published in the journal Heart, researchers found that Swiss adults who took one or two daytime naps per week had a lower risk of heart problems, including heart disease and strokes, than non-nappers. Since inadequate sleep is a known risk factor for a host of health problems, including cardiovascular issues, naps’ ability to replace lost nighttime sleep could make them a healthy habit. Almost 3,500 Swiss adults ages 35 to 75 took part in the study. They provided researchers information about ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime sleep Source Type: news
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