Prolactin hormone exerts anti-tumorigenic effects in HER-2 overexpressing breast cancer cells through regulation of stemness

ConclusionTogether these results emphasize an anti-tumorigenic role with a potential therapeutic value for PRL in HER-2 and luminal B breast cancer subtypes targeting the cancer stem-like cells.
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research

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a Huang Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is cancer that tested as negative for estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), and excess human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) protein which accounts for 15%–20% of all breast cancer cases. TNBC is considered to be a poorer prognosis than other types of breast cancer, mainly because it involves more aggressive phenotypes that are similar to stem cell–like cancer cells (cancer stem cell, CSC). Thus, targeted treatment of TNBC remains a major challenge in clinical practice. This review article surveys the latest evidence concerning t...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data indicate that SLFN and MTFN can reduce cancer cell viability via both collaborative and differential effects and suggest that MTFN increases SLFN effectiveness by targeting common molecules/pathways downstream of HER2 and key for CSC signaling. PMID: 31474154 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Nutr Cancer Source Type: research
Authors: Giuli MV, Giuliani E, Screpanti I, Bellavia D, Checquolo S Abstract Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subgroup of 15%-20% of diagnosed breast cancer patients. It is generally considered to be the most difficult breast cancer subtype to deal with, due to the lack of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), which usually direct targeted therapies. In this scenario, the current treatments of TNBC-affected patients rely on tumor excision and conventional chemotherapy. As a result, the prognosis is overall poor. Thus, the identification and...
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
This study showed the compartment specific expression of the CD133 and CXCR1 antigens in neoplastic cells. The use of CD133 as a stem cell marker may be limited to TN subtype, due to its heterogeneous expression. PMID: 31250425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Histology and Histopathology - Category: Cytology Tags: Histol Histopathol Source Type: research
M. Pupa Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (ERBB2 or HER2) amplification/overexpression is associated with a particularly aggressive molecular subtype of breast cancer (BC), characterized by a poor prognosis, increased metastatic potential, and disease recurrence. As only approximately 50% of HER2-positive patients respond to HER2-targeted therapies, greater knowledge of the biology of HER2 and the mechanisms that underlie drug susceptibility is needed to improve cure rates. Evidence suggests that the coexistence of full-length, wild-type HER2 (wtHER2) and altered forms of HER2—such as carboxy-terminus-...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Minimal residual disease remaining after resection of primary tumors can lead to tumor recurrence and metastasis, increasing mortality and morbidity rates among cancer patients. Thus, there is a need for new technologies for recognition and elimination of single cancer cells remaining in a patient’s body after radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or surgical resection. Effector CD8+ T cells, also commonly known as cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), play a key role in antitumor cellular immunity and, when properly activated, are able to effectively destroy tumor cells. The aims of this study were to obtain CD8+ CTLs specific...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractBreast cancer, one of the most frequent cancer types, is a leading cause of death in women worldwide. Estrogen receptor (ER) a is a nuclear hormone receptor that plays key roles in mammary gland development and breast cancer. About 75% of breast cancer cases are diagnosed as ER-positive; however, nearly half of these cancers are either intrinsically or inherently resistant to the current anti-estrogen therapies. Recent studies have identified an ER coactivator, Mediator Subunit 1 (MED1), as a unique, tissue-specific cofactor that mediates breast cancer metastasis and treatment resistance. MED1 is overexpressed in o...
Source: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B. - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research
Abstract Breast cancer, one of the most frequent cancer types, is a leading cause of death in women worldwide. Estrogen receptor (ER) α is a nuclear hormone receptor that plays key roles in mammary gland development and breast cancer. About 75% of breast cancer cases are diagnosed as ER-positive; however, nearly half of these cancers are either intrinsically or inherently resistant to the current anti-estrogen therapies. Recent studies have identified an ER coactivator, Mediator Subunit 1 (MED1), as a unique, tissue-specific cofactor that mediates breast cancer metastasis and treatment resistance. MED1 is ov...
Source: J Zhejiang Univ Sci ... - Category: Science Authors: Tags: J Zhejiang Univ Sci B Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic benefit of combining the TAB004 antibody with Liposomal-MSA-IL-2 in immune competent and human MUC1 transgenic (MUC1.Tg) mouse models of PDA and investigated the associated immune responses. Treatment with TAB004 + Lip-MSA-IL-2 resulted in significantly improved survival and slower tumor growth compared to controls in MUC1.Tg mice bearing an orthotopic PDA.MUC1 tumor. Similarly, in the spontaneous model of PDA that expresses human MUC1, the combination treatment stalled the progression of pancreatic intraepithelial pre-neoplastic (PanIN) lesion to adenocarcinoma. Treatment with t...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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