Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 3000: In Vitro Inhibitory Effects of APINACA on Human Major Cytochrome P450, UDP-Glucuronosyltransferase Enzymes, and Drug Transporters

In this study, the inhibitory effects of APINACA on eight major human cytochrome P450s (CYPs) and six uridine 5′-diphospho-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) in human liver microsomes, as well as on the transport activities of six solute carrier transporters and two efflux transporters in transporter-overexpressed cells, were investigated. APINACA exhibited time-dependent inhibition of CYP3A4-mediated midazolam 1′-hydroxylation (Ki, 4.5 µM; kinact, 0.04686 min−1) and noncompetitive inhibition of UGT1A9-mediated mycophenolic acid glucuronidation (Ki, 5.9 µM). APINACA did not significantly inhibit the CYPs 1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8/9/19, or 2D6 or the UGTs 1A1, 1A3, 1A4, 1A6, or 2B7 at concentrations up to 100 µM. APINACA did not significantly inhibit the transport activities of organic anion transporter (OAT)1, OAT3, organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP)1B1, OATP1B3, organic cation transporter (OCT)1, OCT2, P-glycoprotein, or breast cancer resistance protein at concentrations up to 250 μM. These data suggest that APINACA can cause drug interactions in the clinic via the inhibition of CYP3A4 or UGT1A9 activities.
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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