IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2972: The Impact of Social Disparities on Microbiological Quality of Drinking Water Supply in Ugu District Municipality of Kwazulu-Natal Province, South Africa

This study was undertaken to highlight the social disparity between rural and urban areas in terms of housing patterns, provision of safe drinking water, access to sanitation facilities, education, employment rate and health-related to diarrhoeal episodes in Ugu District Municipality of KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa. To achieve this aim, a survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire. Drinking water samples were collected from the point of supply and the storage containers to assess the microbiological quality of drinking water in both rural and urban areas. Results of this study revealed prominent residential segregation between rural and urban communities, whereby the houses in the rural areas were generally constructed with corrugated iron sheets, or mud brick and mortar whereas conventional brick-and-mortar construction was used to build those in the urban areas. All of the urban households had flush toilets in their houses (100%), while 98.2% of the rural households were relying on pit latrines and 1.8% were reported to defecate in an open field. The District unemployment rate was at 58.1% in rural areas and none among the urban community. Results also showed that only 13.6% of the rural dwellers completed their secondary education compared to 70.4% of the urban areas. The diarrhoeal episodes were high in rural areas (34.1%) while none of these episodes was reported in urban areas. Great disparity in the water supply persists between rural and urban com...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
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Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Int J Microbiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Lanlin Yu, Su Zhang, Yuanyuan Xu, Xiaoyu Mi, Tong Xing, Jiaolong Li, Lin Zhang, Feng Gao, Yun Jiang
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
The objective of this work was to carry out a bibliographic survey of secondary metabolites isolated from the Velloziaceae family, creating a bank of compounds. After the bank was created, four prediction models for potentially active compounds against pathogenic microorganisms (Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella sp.) were obtained trying to identify which metabolites would be more active against the strains. Four sets of compounds with known activity for microorganisms were selected for the construction of predictive models from the CHEMBL database. Another bank with 163 unique molec...
Source: Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Xin Wen, Junchao Cao, Jiandui Mi, Jielan Huang, Jiadi Liang, Yan Wang, Baohua Ma, Yongde Zou, Xindi Liao, Juan Boo Liang, Yinbao Wu
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Biomedica Source Type: research
ACS Applied Materials&InterfacesDOI: 10.1021/acsami.0c14312
Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Editors ' Picks Source Type: research
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Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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