Combined treatment with cisplatin and the tankyrase inhibitor XAV-939 increases cytotoxicity, abrogates cancer-stem-like cell phenotype, and increases chemosensitivity of head-and-neck squamous-cell carcinoma cells

In conclusion, this study elucidated that combination of cisplatin and XAV-939 exerted cytotoxic and genotoxic effect to abrogate CSC mediated chemoresistance in HNSCC in synergistic manner.
Source: Mutation Research Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

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no Agostino Defective DNA damage response (DDR) is frequently associated with tumorigenesis. Abrogation of DDR leads to genomic instability, which is one of the most common characteristics of human cancers. TP53 mutations with gain-of-function activity are associated with tumors under high replicative stress, high genomic instability, and reduced patient survival. The BRCA1 and RAD17 genes encode two pivotal DNA repair proteins required for proper cell-cycle regulation and maintenance of genomic stability. We initially evaluated whether miR-205-5p, a microRNA (miRNA) highly expressed in head and neck squamous cell c...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, two cultured head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines from the same donor, UM-SCC-74A and UM-SCC-74B, were first genotyped using STR, and assessed for radiation response by the means of clonogenic survival and growth inhibition assays. Thereafter, cells were cultured, irradiated and collected for subsequent metabolic profiling analyses using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). STR verified the similarity of UM-SCC-74A and UM-SCC-74B cells, and three independent assays proved UM-SCC-74B to be clearly more radioresistant than UM-SCC-74A. The LC-MS metabolic profiling demonstrated significa...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Repair of DNA damage protects genomic integrity, which is key to tissue functional integrity. In cancer, the type and fidelity of DNA damage response is the fundamental basis for clinical response to cytotoxic therapy. Here we consider the contribution of transforming growth factor-beta (TGFβ), a ubiquitous, pleotropic cytokine that is abundant in the tumor microenvironment, to therapeutic response. The action of TGFβ is best illustrated in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Survival of HNSCC patients with human papilloma virus (HPV) positive cancer is more than double compared to those with HPV-negat...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, CDV inhibits cell growth in HPV-positive and -negative HNSCC cell lines and was more profound in the HPV-positive cell lines. CDV treated cells show accumulation of DNA DSBs and DNA damage response activation, but apoptosis does not seem to occur. Rather our data indicate the occurrence of mitotic catastrophe.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Powerful delivery systems for reproduced p53 expression and activation in cancer cells would be a promising treatment to achieve therapeutic goal for HNSCC. PMID: 31074365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Gene Therapy - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Curr Gene Ther Source Type: research
Reena Goswami1, Gayatri Subramanian2, Liliya Silayeva1, Isabelle Newkirk1, Deborah Doctor1, Karan Chawla2, Saurabh Chattopadhyay2, Dhyan Chandra3, Nageswararao Chilukuri1 and Venkaiah Betapudi1,4* 1Neuroscience Branch, Research Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen, MD, United States 2Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH, United States 3Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, United States 4Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Clev...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion Analysis of the pleiotropic effects of IL-33 on multiple immunological cells (macrophages, mastocytes), as well as neurological cells of medulla oblongata, dorsal root ganglion, antigen-induced arthritis system, carrageen, and formalin, shows that this alarmin plays curtail, yet not fully known role in mediating inflammation, especially in chronic inflammatory pulmonary diseases such as asthma, COPD, and OSA. Taken into consideration the engagement in this process, in particular of mastocytes and their secretion of CXCL2, 4, 8, and other cytokines, there is no doubt regarding the etiopathogenic role of IL-33 in...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Joe Abdo1, Christopher S. Wichman2, Nicholas E. Dietz1,3, Pawel Ciborowski4, John Fleegel1, Sumeet K. Mittal1,5 and Devendra K. Agrawal1* 1Department of Clinical and Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 2Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 3Department of Pathology, CHI Health Creighton University Medical Center, College of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 4Department of Pharmacology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 5Norton Thoracic Institute, St....
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we describe several SNPs associated with HNC in a Spanish population.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract TaqMan Low-Density Array (TLDA) based Real-Time PCR (RT-PCR) of selected genes showed increased expression of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) metabolizing cytochrome P450s (CYPs), glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) and associated transcription factors in biopsy and peripheral blood samples isolated from head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients when compared to the controls. The genes involved in DNA repair, signal transduction pathway, EMT pathway, apoptosis, and cell adhesion/motility were found to be altered in both peripheral blood and biopsy samples of HNSCC patients. Transcription ...
Source: Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Genomics Source Type: research
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