Exploring the collagen nanostructure of dermal tissues after injury

Publication date: Available online 17 August 2019Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Feng Tian, Yiwen Niu, Yuzhi JiangAbstractScar often occurred during wound repair. It was known that there were differences in collagen structure in dermal tissues at millimeter scale and micron scale, however, it was not known whether there were differences in collagen structure in dermal tissues at nanoscale during wound repair. In order to compare the difference at nanoscale, skin samples from patients were selected, the control groups were the normal skin from the same patients. These samples were tested by the small angle X-ray scattering techniques (SAXS) and wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) techniques. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used as a comparison. The results showed that there were not only significantly differences between the normal tissue and scar tissue, but also between the center and the margin of the scar tissue at nanoscale by SAXS and WAXS, which was not demonstrated by other studies. These findings demonstrated that the SAXS and WAXS were excellent tools to detect the collagen structure at nanoscale and the orientation of the collagen alignment, which was beneficial for skin tissue engineering and skin regenerative medicine.
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

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