Negotiating in the skies of Hong Kong: The efficacy of the Behavioral Influence Stairway Model (BISM) in suicidal crisis situations

Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Gregory M. Vecchi, Gilbert K.H. Wong, Paul W.C. Wong, Mary Ann MarkeyAbstractLaw enforcement agencies often deal with dangerous, difficult, and disordered individuals by applying the theory and practice of tactical negotiation composed of a unique application of communication techniques aimed at obtaining voluntary compliance. Known as hostage or crisis negotiation, law enforcement tactical negotiation (LETN) has shown to be an effective technique for resolving barricaded hostage and crisis situations, kidnappings, and suicidal incidents. Over the years, there have been several models of LETN, however; most of them are based on the assumption that the person is rational and views the officer as credible; however, in situations where people are in crisis, emotions control their actions rather than reason. Therefore, being successful requires the officer to return the subject to a rational state of mind and establish trust. If either of these, elements are missing, then traditional negotiation will most likely fail in gaining voluntary compliance in a timely manner. This is especially true with suicidal persons who have exceeded their ability to cope with their situation and believe that no one will help them. The Behavioral Influence Stairway Model (BISM) operates on the premise that a state of personal crisis occurs when coping and social support mechanisms fail and that to end ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) convened a two-day meeting with researchers and suicide prevention advocates to identify and prioritize research needs in the application of predictive modeling in suicide prevention among healthcare providers. Meeting participants aimed to discuss best practices for developing, implementing, and evaluating these predictive tools in clinical and research settings.
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: news
AbstractThe aim of this study was to examine the associations between self-harm and suicidal behavior in indigenous Sami and non-Sami adolescents and mental health and social outcomes in young adulthood. Data were obtained by linking the Norwegian Patient Registry (2008 –2012), the National Insurance Registry (2003–2013), and the Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study, a school-based survey inviting all 10th grade students in North Norway (2003–2005). In total, 3987 (68%) of all 5877 invited participants consented to the registry linkage, of whom 9.2% were indigenous Sami. Multivariable logistic regress...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: I2/Q ratio may provide a consistent quantitative measure of a student's efficiency in assessing suicidal risk. Further research is now needed to evaluate its consistency in other clinical cases. PMID: 31522835 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
This study is a prospective, exploratory, qualitative analysis. Twenty midwives from Grenoble Alpes University Hospital who took care of one of the selected patients participated in this study. Two women had schizophrenia and one bipolar disorder. Interviews realized with a semi-structured guide were fully transcribed, anonymized and thematically analyzed. Topics have been structured according to the number of occurrences to build a thematic tree. RESULTS: Midwives felt insecure and resourceless when the postpartum care was unclear, insufficiently anticipated and in case of a danger for the women or the children. They ...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A psychotic experience could be traumatic for patients and lead to complete PTSD. Although it appears as a non-consensual clinical entity, from a likely epistemological slip of the definition of "psychotrauma", the consideration of potential PTSD-PP presents an undoubted clinical relevance. Indeed, it could help practioners to precise the semiological analysis of patients recovering from an acute psychotic episode; to impact the prognosis of psychosis, thinking about impairment on the quality of life and the affective and suicidal comorbidities; and to modify the therapeutic approach in the recovery o...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
CONCLUSIONS: The observed symptomatic differences may be an additional factor of MDD/DB differential diagnosis. Lower than previously reported symptoms stability highlights the need to evaluate more than one depressive episode in differential diagnosis. PMID: 31522204 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Cancer Epidemiology, Volume 63Author(s): Omar Abdel-RahmanAbstractObjectiveTo assess the socioeconomic predictors of suicide risk among cancer patients in the United States.MethodsCancer patients available within Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database who were diagnosed between 2000–2010 have been reviewed. Linkage analysis to Census 2000 SF files was conducted to determine area-based socioeconomic attributes. Observed/ Expected ratios were calculated for the overall cohort as well as for clinically and socioeconomically defined subgroups. “Observed&rdq...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
A National Youth Sports Strategy to increase physical activity among America’s kids is slated to come out of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) this month—and it can’t come too soon. The reasons that our kids should participate in sports are many—from boosting cardiovascular health, to  helping them develop self-control, to the positive impact that exercise has on academic performance.  But today, the most pressing reason to encourage sports participation among our youth is their mental health. Our kids are struggling—and the data isn’t looking good. Suicide is n...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Children and Teens General Health-related Mental Health and Wellness Childhood Development kids sports Source Type: blogs
Dec 4, 2019. Minnesota State Quarry Center, Waite Park, MN. Sponsored by Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Minnesota Department of Health
Source: Rural events via the Rural Assistance Center - Category: Rural Health Source Type: events
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