Bayesian reconstruction of a vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus transmission route using epidemiologic data and genomic variants from whole genome sequencing

ConclusionA Bayesian approach for transmission route reconstruction using epidemiologic data and genomic variants from WGS can be applied in actual VRE outbreaks. This may contribute to the design and implementation of effective infection control measures.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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ConclusionsWGS proved to be an effective tool to differentiate several LREfm clusters in an outbreak. Active screening for LREfm is important in a high-risk setting such as hematooncology, where multiple introductions are possible and occur despite intensified infection control measures.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2019Source: Food ControlAuthor(s): Hossein Daryaei, Qian Sui, Hui Liu, André Rehkopf, Walter Peñaloza, Andreas Rytz, Yuqi Luo, Jason WanAbstractTwenty-two Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains and six potential surrogates (E. coli strains K12 and P1, Listeria innocua, Lactobacillus plantarum, Bifidobacterium lactis, and Enterococcus faecium) were screened in wheat flour at two water content levels of 8 and 13% (0.25 and 0.55 water activities) for survival at 6°C and resistance to a heat treatment at 82°C for 5 min. The results showed that the...
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Jae-Hoon Ko, Si-Ho Kim, Nam Yong Lee, Yae-jin Kim, Sun Young Cho, Cheol-In Kang, Doo Ryeon Chung, Kyong Ran PeckEnvironmental disinfection with sodium hypochlorite and hydrogen peroxide vapor was performed after a hospital-associated outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome. Although only 11% of total beds were disinfected, the isolation and vancomycin-resistance rates of Enterococcus spp significantly decreased for 2 months, whereas other multidrug-resistant organisms did not.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: Food ControlAuthor(s): Zijin Zhou, Sophie Zuber, Matteo Campagnoli, Thierry Putallaz, Frank Devlieghere, Mieke UyttendaeleAbstractThe microbial safety of black peppercorns (Piper nigrum L.) has raised concerns due to increasing numbers of reported foodborne outbreaks and food safety alerts. To avoid quality degradation caused by excessive thermal processing, mild steaming treatments (
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In this study, we used whole-genome sequencing (WGS) to investigate the relatedness of 183 VREfm isolates collected from 156 patients. Sequence types (ST) 17, ST80 and ST117 were the most predominant clones. Based on epidemiological data, 10 outbreaks were identified, which were caused by at least 13 distinct genotypes. The majority of isolates involved in outbreaks (91%) differed by only 0 to 3 SNPs. Four outbreaks involved more than one genotype and half of the cases considered as sporadic were possibly linked to an outbreak. By sequencing all isolates, we were able to better understand our local epidemiology of VREfm. T...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, radiofrequency (RF) processing was evaluated for pasteurization of ground black pepper. Stability and homogeneity tests were done for both Salmonella spp. and E. faecium during moisture equilibration before RF heating to evaluate the inoculation method. Moisture content of samples were conditioned such that the final moisture content after RF heating reached the optimal storage moisture. RF heating was shown to provide more than 5.98 log CFU/g reduction for Salmonella spp. and the reduction of 3.89 log CFU/g for E. faecium with a 130 s of treatment time. The higher thermal resistance of E. faecium indicate...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
Julija Armalytė1, Jūratė Skerniškytė1, Elena Bakienė1, Renatas Krasauskas1, Rita Šiugždinienė2, Violeta Kareivienė2, Sigita Kerzienė2, Irena Klimienė2, Edita Sužiedėlienė1 and Modestas Ružauskas2* 1Life Sciences Center, Institute of Biosciences, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania 2Institute of Microbiology and Virology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania Soil is one of the biggest reservoirs of microbial diversity, yet the processes that define the community dynamics are not fully understood. Apart from soil management being vital for agricultural purposes...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion Starter cultures are an important tool that contributes to ensure the safety of fermented meat products. Indeed, the microorganisms that constitute starter cultures may inhibit or reduce the growth of spoilage and/or pathogenic populations through mechanisms, such as production of certain metabolites or competitive exclusion. Thus, the use of starter cultures may reduce the need for chemical additives, such as nitrites and nitrates. Furthermore, the lower residual levels of nitrates and nitrites detected in fermented meat products inoculated with starter cultures are due to the ability of starters to metabolize...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion This study revealed that Enterococcus species with biofilm potentials and extracellular virulence properties extensively occur in retail RTE shrimps. A significant number of isolated strains are resistant to antibiotics and harbor resistant and virulent genes, denoting a significant route of resistance and virulence dissemination to bacteria in humans. There is an inadequate understanding of the intricacies of antibiotic-resistant enterococci of food origin that belong to enterococci aside from E. faecium and E. faecalis. Findings from this study reveal detailed antibiotic resistance of E. durans, E. casselifla...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study examined one of the first sustained hospital outbreaks of a multidrug-resistant bacterium, Enterococcus faecalis, which occurred from the early through the mid-1980s, causing over 60 outbreak strains.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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