Campylobacter jejuni bacteremia after transrectal prostate biopsy: An argument for selective antibiotic prophylaxis?

[Campylobacter jejuni bacteremia after transrectal prostate biopsy: An argument for selective antibiotic prophylaxis?] Med Mal Infect. 2019 Aug 12;: Authors: Roger PM, Lesselingue D, Ferré A, Abram F PMID: 31416654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: A number of studies have showed an association between PD and IBD. Both diseases share genetic and environmental etiological factors. The precise role of intestinal bacteria remains vague. The periodontal microbiota that might be involved in the association of these diseases are Fusobacterium nucleatum, Campylobacter rectus and Campylobacter concisus. Fungal and viral microbiota dysbiosis should also be evaluated as common pathogenic pathways in IBD and periodontal disease. PMID: 31522142 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
Contributor : wenjie TangSeries Type : OtherOrganism : pig gut metagenomeEarly-weaning-induced stress causes diarrhea, thereby reduces growth performance of piglets. Gut bacterial dysbiosis emerges as a leading cause of post-weaning diarrhea. The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of capsulized fecal microbiota transportation (FMT) on gut bacterial community, immune response and gut barrier function of weaned piglets. Thirty-two were randomly divided into two groups fed with basal diet for 21 days. Recipient group was inoculated orally with capsulized fecal microbiota of health Tibetan pig daily morning duri...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Other pig gut metagenome Source Type: research
Abstract Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli are leading causes of human foodborne illness with poultry as a major vehicle. Turkeys are frequently colonized with Campylobacter but little is known about Campylobacter survival in turkey feces, even though fecal droppings are major vehicles for Campylobacter within-flock transmission as well as for environmental dissemination. Our objective was to examine survival of Campylobacter, including different strains, in freshly-excreted feces from naturally-colonized commercial turkey flocks and in suspensions of turkey feces in water from the turkey house. Fecal and water sus...
Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Environ Microbiol Source Type: research
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Ahead of Print.
Source: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose of review To review recent findings regarding the control and treatment of campylobacteriosis. Recent findings The application of improved diagnostics has led to an upward shift in the attributable burden of Campylobacter infections, in both the United States and Europe as well as in resource-poor settings. Increased focus has brought a fundamental feature of campylobacteriosis -- the ability to cause relapsing disease back into focus, and expanding data on antimicrobial resistance has lead from a switch in first-line therapy for severe diarrhea from quinolones to azithromycin in most contexts, even as evidenc...
Source: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: GASTROINTESTINAL INFECTIONS: Edited by Gagandeep Kang and Eric R. Houpt Source Type: research
AbstractTheCampylobacter andArcobacter genera encompass closely related species that are ubiquitous in nature and are harboured in the gastrointestinal tract of many animals, including food-producing animals (cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry). In humansCampylobacter spp. is the cause of most of the gastroenteritis cases worldwide and in more severe cases the infection can result in Guillian Barr é syndrome. Similarly,Arcobacter species can cause gastroenteritis as well as bacteraemia. Infections in humans can be induced by the consumption of contaminated vegetables, meat, milk and water. However, food originating fro...
Source: World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Campylobacter jejuni is the leading bacterial cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide and is of immense significance to public health. C. jejuni primarily lives in the gastrointestinal tracts of poultry and can contaminate meat during processing. Despite a small genome, the metabolic plasticity of C. jejuni allows proliferation in chicken ceca and mammalian host intestines, and survival in environments with a variety of temperatures, pH, osmotic conditions, and nutrient availabilities. The exact mechanism of C. jejuni infection is unknown, however, virulence requires motility. Our data suggest the C. jejuni RidA homologue...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveAntimicrobial properties of silymarin and curcumin have been assessed against several infectious agents. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-apoptotic and antibacterial effects of both compounds on the expression of genes amongShigella dysenteriae ATCC 12022 andCampylobacter jejuni subsp.jejuni strain ATCC 33560 standard strains.MethodsS. dysenteriae andC. jejuni standard strains were prepared from reference laboratory. Additionally, two clinical multidrug-resistant (MDR) isolates were adopted. Silymarin and curcumin stocks were purchased from Sigma Corporation (USA), and after preparation of...
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The peripheral neuropathy Guillain-Barr é Syndrome can follow Campylobacter jejuni infection when outer core lipooligosaccharides induce production of neurotoxic anti-ganglioside antibodies. We hypothesized that gut microbiota depletion with an antibiotic would increase C. jejuni colonization, severity of gastroenteritis, and GBS. Microb iota depletion increased C. jejuni colonization, invasion, and colitis with Type 1/17 T cells in gut lamina propria. It also stimulated Type 1/17 anti-C. jejuni and -antiganglioside-antibodies, Type 2 anti-C.
Source: Journal of Neuroimmunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, our preclinical intervention study provides evidence that peroral synthetic 25-OH-cholecalciferol application exerts inflammation-dampening effects during acute campylobacteriosis.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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