Thermal processing of kale purée: The impact of process intensity and storage on different quality related aspects

This study focused on investigating quality changes of thermally processed kale purée using an integrated targeted and untargeted approach. Low, medium, and high processing intensities (carried out at 70, 90, and 128 °C) were selected based on predetermined shelf-life targets: frozen-thawed, refrigerated, and ambient storage, respectively. The results show that that physicochemical properties determining consumer acceptability were largely dependent on the treatment intensity. The high intensity treatment resulted in the least favorable quality characteristics (distinct brown color, chlorophyll and vitamin C destruction as well as a phase separation after storage). Enzymes were inactivated with increasing thermal load. Regarding taste related compounds, there was no clear effect of processing and storage on acidity and sugar profiles. The untargeted GC–MS approach showed that increasing the processing intensity resulted in an increase of the formation of furans and sulfides. Storage clearly affected the formation of volatiles that could be, depending on the thermal treatment, attributed to lipid and/or carotenoid oxidation, continuation of Maillard reactions, and enzyme catalyzed reactions.Industrial relevanceCompared to other Brassicaceae vegetables such as as broccoli, cauliflower and different types of cabbages, kale so far has received little attention from an industrial processing point of view. However, kale has been reported to contain high nutrition...
Source: Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies - Category: Food Science Source Type: research

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Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
Conclusions: WISC-III evaluated the cognitive performance in children, born preterm, aged 6-8 years old, and had neonatal ICH did not differ from those of their peers without a history of ICH. These findings suggest that, in preterm infants, a neonatal diagnosis of ICH may not be associated with cognitive performance at school age and this should be investigated through a longitudinal study.Resumo Objetivos: comparar o desempenho cognitivo de escolares, nascidos prematuramente, segundo a presen ça de hemorragia intracraniana (HIC) no período neonatal. Métodos: corte transversal de uma coorte de escolar...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pregnancy planning and women's satisfaction with the discovery of being pregnant favors the performance of prenatal care with better indicators.Resumo Objetivos: analisar a influ ência do planejamento reprodutivo e da satisfação das mulheres com a descoberta da gravidez nas características da assistência pré-natal. Métodos: estudo transversal e quantitativo realizado entre março e julho de 2018 em uma maternidade de risco habitual no Nordeste brasileiro. Foram avali adas 652 puérperas por meio de entrevista e visualização do cartã...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
Conclusions: in a retrospective application of the use of MEOWS showed a significant number of patients had triggered in which the nursing team did not recognize 99.2% of cases. This finding could be attributed to the fact that MEOWS has not been yet adopted in this service as part of the nursing care. The application of this tool would result in a better care because critical situations would be recognized and corrected quickly, avoiding unfavorable outcomes.Resumo Objetivos: avaliar o modified early obstetric warning system (MEOWS) em mulheres ap ós gestações, em um hospital terciário do Brasi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
Conclusions: it was possible to recognize doula as part of the humanized care, to provide subsidies for a reflection of her work, and to reveal the influence of the practice of doulagem for academic formation of doulas at university.Resumo Objetivos: analisar a compreens ão das puérperas, das doulas e da equipe assistencial sobre a presença da doula durante o processo de parturição das gestantes. Métodos: trata-se de estudo qualitativo, utilizando como instrumento de coleta de dados entrevistas semiestruturadas. O critério de saturação foi utilizado para l imit...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
Conclusions: greater adherence to the “ Brazilian traditional ” and “ healthy ” dietary patterns was inversely associated with feelings of depression during pregnancy, possibly mediated by the degree of industrial processing of the foods.Resumo Objetivos: investigar a rela ção entre padrões alimentares e o grau de processamento de alimentos com sentimento de depressão na gestação. Métodos: estudo transversal conduzido entre 784 gestantes adultas de Ribeirão Preto, SP, em 2011-2012. O sentimento de depressão foi obtido por questioná...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
Conclusions: When compared with adolescent women, pregnant women of advanced age presented a higher frequency of cesarean deliveries.Resumo Objetivos: comparar os resultados perinatais adversos em gesta ções de adolescentes e mulheres em idade avançada de rede pública de saúde. Métodos: estudo transversal realizado com gestantes nos extremos de idade reprodutiva segundo classificação do Ministério da Saúde do Brasil (adolescentes aquelas com idade ≤ 19 anos e em idade avan çada aquelas com idade ≥ 35 anos) e seus rec ém-nascidos. Fora...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
Abstract Objectives: To investigate full term newborns suction pattern in non-nutritive suction and their feeding performance. Methods: An analytical descriptive study was carried out from November 2016 to March 2017, with 50 dyads mothers/newborns through the non-nutritive suction evaluation and a direct observation on the newborn's performance on feeding. The data were distributed through simple and relative frequencies (percentages) when categorical or by mean, maximum, minimum and the standard deviation when is continuous, discrete or ordinal. To evaluate the mean differences, the Student's t test was used with signifi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
Conclusions: the factors associated with cervical adenocarcinoma were ≥ 40 years old, ≤ 3 years of schooling, black race, menopausal status, never had undergone cervical cancer screening and the presence of HPV.Resumo Objetivos: determinar a incid ência dos principais Papilomavirus Humano (HPV) de alto risco oncogênico (16, 18, 31 e 33) e os fatores associados ao adenocarcinoma do colo uterino. Métodos: realizado estudo de caso-controle com 324 mulheres (69 com adenocarcinoma e 260 controles saudáveis), de 2001 a 2014. Foram colhidas inf ormações sobre fatores de risco associad...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
Conclusions: the prevalence found was higher than that of other national researches, especially for the female gender. In the male gender, not having internet access, a lesser number of family members and a longer screen time proved to be factors associated with being excess weight.Resumo Objetivos: investigar a preval ência de excesso de peso e fatores associados entre adolescentes de uma comunidade de baixa renda situada na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco. Métodos: estudo transversal, em que foram coletadas informações demográficas, socioeconômicas e comportamentais no período ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
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