Determinants of increased central excess pressure in dialysis: role of dialysis modality and arteriovenous fistula.

CONCLUSION: This study suggests that higher XSPI in HD patients is related to the presence of AVF. PMID: 31419806 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Am J Hypertens Source Type: research

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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Nontraumatic acute abdomen (NTAA) in dialysis patients is a challenging issue. The aetiologies of NTAA vary considerably depending on the renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality. Although haematological parameters and contributing factors have been reported to be associated with outcomes for dialysis patients, their clinical effect on the length of hospital stay (LOS) remains unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 52 dialysis patients (peritoneal dialysis [PD], n = 33; haemodialysis [HD], n = 19) and 30 non-dialysis patients (as controls) between January 2011 and December 2014. ...
Source: Singapore Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Singapore Med J Source Type: research
Hypertension is a risk factor for renal disease. Therefore, this study was aimedat estimating the prevalence of hypertension in renal patients in Iran through meta ‑analysis.The search was carried out using authentic Persian and English keywords in national and international databases including IranMedex, SID, Magiran, IranDoc, Medlib, ScienceDirect, Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane, Embase, Web of Science, Medline, and Google Scholar search engine without any time limitation until 2017. Heterogeneity of studies was assessed using theI2index.Data were analyzed using STATA ver 11.In 35 reviewed studies with a sample of 39,621 sub...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: In selected cases, particularly in severe diuretic refractory heart failure, PDC placement placed by a nephrologist is feasible with a low rate of complications even in a low-volume center setting. The catheters we placed were all functioning with only minor complications and PD could be started immediately. PMID: 31162993 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE PATIENTS WITH LOW SERUM ALBUMIN: IS PERITONEAL DIALYSIS AN OPTION? Perit Dial Int. 2019 Mar 09;: Authors: Singh T, Astor BC, Waheed S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Low serum albumin is associated with high mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on chronic dialysis. Clinicians are reluctant to offer peritoneal dialysis (PD) as an option for dialysis for patients with low serum albumin due to concerns of loss of albumin with PD, but evidence supporting differences in outcomes is limited. We evaluated mortality based on dialysis modality in patients with very low serum albumin (
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Conclusion: In our setting, ESRD patients undergoing PD are more susceptible to TRIs than NTRIs. Diabetes increases the risk of developing TRIs. The high incidence of coagulase-negative staphylococcal TRI suggests touch contamination. PMID: 30723859 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2018Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 17Author(s): Ramiro E. Gilardino, Eduardo González-Pier, Claudia BrabataAbstractEnd-stage renal disease, the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease, represents a major and rising concern for countries in Latin America, driven in large part by aging populations and the near-epidemic rises in diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This places a great clinical, economic, and social burden on the region’s health systems. During the ISPOR 6th Latin America Conference held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in September 2017, an educationa...
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Discussion Potassium (K+) is an alkali metal (Group 1 of periodic table with Hydrogen, Lithium and Sodium) with an anatomic number of 19. Its chemical symbol K, comes from the medieval Latin, kalium which means potash (mainly potassium carbonate or potassium hydroxide), the substance it was first isolated from. Potassium is an important cation and it mainly resides in the intracellular fluid with only a small amount in the extracellular fluid. Potassium regulates cell volume, pH and enzyme functions. Hyperkalemia is defined as a potassium level> 5.5 mEq/L in children and> 6.0 mEq/L in newborns. Hyperkalemia incre...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Victorine B Nzana, Anusha Rohit, Deepu George, Madhusudan Vijayan, Milly Mathew, Sundar Sankaran, Palaniappan Nagarajan, Georgi AbrahamIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2018 36(2):282-284A 51-year-old female, with non-alcoholic liver cirrhosis, portal hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease with a clipped cerebral aneurysm and chronic kidney disease stage 5 was on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) for 6.5 years elsewhere. She came for opinion on continuation of CAPD as she had 21 episodes of peritonitis in 76 months. Her blood pressure was 80/50 mmHg. She was...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2018 Source:Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 17 Author(s): Ramiro E. Gilardino, Eduardo González-Pier, Claudia Brabata End-stage renal disease, the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease, represents a major and rising concern for countries in Latin America, driven in large part by aging populations and the near-epidemic rises in diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This places a great clinical, economic, and social burden on the region’s health systems. During the ISPOR 6th Latin America Conference held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in September 2017, an educational for...
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) continue to increase in number worldwide, especially in developing countries. Although continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has comparable survival advantages as hemodialysis (HD), it is greatly underutilized in many regions worldwide. The prevalence of use of CAPD in Egypt is 0.29/million population in 2017. The aim of this study is to describe the current state and practice of CAPD in Egypt and included 22 adult patients who were treated by CAPD. All the study patients were switched to CAPD after treatment with HD failed due to vascular access pro...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
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