Glenohumeral Arthritis in Young Patients: Scope, Arthroplasty, Interposition, Arthrodesis, and Resurfacing.

Glenohumeral Arthritis in Young Patients: Scope, Arthroplasty, Interposition, Arthrodesis, and Resurfacing. Instr Course Lect. 2018 Feb 15;67:99-113 Authors: Murthi AM, Cox RM, Strelzow JA, Athwal GS, Tashjian RZ, Abboud JA Abstract The management of glenohumeral arthritis in young patients is a challenge given the higher demand for use of the arms, need for longer implant survivorship, and higher postoperative expectations in this patient population. Shoulder arthroplasty is an excellent treatment option for elderly patients with glenohumeral arthritis because this patient population does not have demands as high as those of younger patients with glenohumeral arthritis. Common causes of glenohumeral arthritis in young patients include chondrolysis, inflammatory arthropathies, chronic instability, osteonecrosis, glenoid dysplasia, and early-onset osteoarthritis. Options for the surgical management of glenohumeral arthritis in young patients include arthroscopic débridement with or without capsular release, biceps tenodesis, chondroplasty, and/or subacromial decompression; soft-tissue resurfacing; humeral head resurfacing; anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty; reverse total shoulder arthroplasty; and glenohumeral arthrodesis. Shoulder arthroplasty is the preferred treatment for young patients with glenohumeral arthritis; however, surgeons must counsel patients on treatment options, surgical goals, postoperative functional expectations, and the poten...
Source: Instructional Course Lectures - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Instr Course Lect Source Type: research

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ConclusionPain improved considerably in both arms over 60 months. While ITT analysis revealed no statistically significant differences in TKR use, greater TKR utilization in those receiving APM merits further study.
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Full Length Source Type: research
Authors: Safran MR, Bedi A, Byrd JWT, Guanche CA, Ilizaliturri V, Lynch TS, Martin HD, Matsuda DK, McCarthy JC, Philippon MJ, Sampson TG, Suarez-Ahedo C Abstract Hip arthroscopy is one of the most rapidly growing areas in orthopaedic surgery because of increased awareness of nonarthritic hip pathologies, advanced imaging modalities, and advanced techniques to reproducibly manage nonarthritic hip pathologies within a deep soft-tissue envelope and a constrained joint. In addition, more academic medical centers are providing residents with education on hip arthroscopy, and many hip preservation fellowships and courses...
Source: Instructional Course Lectures - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Instr Course Lect Source Type: research
ConclusionReported cases of PTRCT and its surgical repair have both increased substantially over time. Approximately 11.70% of patients with PTRCT undergo either open or arthroscopic procedure as a means of surgical repair. With the growing popularity of arthroscopic procedures for rotator cuff repair, further investigation should be performed to analyze trends and risk factors for PTRCT, a seemingly underrepresented orthopedic condition.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2019Source: Arthroscopy TechniquesAuthor(s): G. Klaud MillerAbstractThe barrel vault tibial osteotomy performed for knee varus osteoarthritis avoids the complications of the opening wedge osteotomy and minimizes the potential complications of the lateral closing wedge osteotomy. It allows correction of large varus deformities in knee medial compartment osteoarthritis.
Source: Arthroscopy Techniques - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to report the long-term outcomes of a continuous series of patients who underwent simultaneous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) for varus-related early medial tibio-femoral osteoarthritis. It was hypothesized that this combined surgery sustainably allowed return to sport with efficient clinical and radiological results.MethodsFrom 1995 to 2015, all combined ACL reconstruction (bone-patellar tendon-bone graft) and opening wedge HTO for anterior laxity and early medial arthritis were included. Clinical evaluation at fina...
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
The objective was to evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes, survival rate and complications of primary contemporary rotating hinged total knee arthroplasty (CRH-TKA).MethodsThrough a national multicenter retrospective study (14 centers), 112 primary CRH-TKA performed between 2006 and 2011 were included. Indications were: severe frontal plane deformity (55%), inflammatory, constitutional, congenital or post-trauma arthritis (26%), ligament laxity (10%), primary osteoarthritis (9%). Population was elderly (68  ± 13), sedentary (37.5% with a Devane score ≥ 3) and with important comorbiditi...
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionTwenty years after open rotator cuff repair, the rate of osteoarthritis was 29%. Massive rotator cuff tears were significantly associated with a higher rate of osteoarthritis. Less osteoarthritis was observed when suprasupinatus healed.Level of evidenceIV.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe purposes of this study were to (1) evaluate the effect of age on clinical outcomes of arthroscopic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) with labral preservation surgery and (2) identify predictors of poor postoperative clinical outcomes.MethodsEighty-four patients who underwent hip arthroscopic treatment for FAI between 2009 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into three groups based on age. The Advanced age group consisted of patients over 70  years old, the Middle age group consisted of patients in their 50s and 60s, and the Younger age group consisted of patients less than...
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionOsteoarthritic knees showed a huge variation in overall coronal limb alignment as well as in femoral and tibial coronal alignment. Current total knee arthroplasty (TKA) alignment philosophies and preoperative planning do not sufficiently consider these variation, which might be one reason for unhappy knees after TKA.Level of evidenceIV, systematic review.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to report four patients with RA (six knees) in combination with OA with a brief review of literature of previous similar published cases. This is a retrospective review of case records of patients with refractory and/or complicated popliteal cysts, who have successfully treated with arthroscopic intervention. We suggest that arthroscopic interventions such as radical debridement, synovectomy, biomechanical valve excision, and/or cystectomy should be considered in patients with refractory and complicated popliteal cysts associated with RA or RA in combination with OA.
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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