Geographical distribution and risk factors for Echinococcus granulosus carriage in peri-urban wild dog populations

Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Lana Harriott, Matthew Gentle, Rebecca Traub, Rowland Cobbold, Ricardo Soares MagalhãesAbstractThe transmission of zoonotic pathogens associated with wildlife in peri-urban environments can be influenced by the interplay of numerous socioecological factors. Echinococcus granulosus is known to be common within peri-urban wild dog populations however knowledge of the factors that influence its presence is limited. We investigated the demographic distribution of the Index of Potential Contamination (IPC) and the role of the physical environment, climate and individual factors in determining the geographical variation of E. granulosus carriage in wild dog populations from southeast Queensland and surrounds. Our results suggest the presence of significant E. granulosus aggregation in that 15.8% of peri-urban wild dogs sampled were responsible for ∼70% of the total worm burden. On average, female dogs were found to have a higher IPC than male dogs, and the average IPC generally decreased with age. Significant geographical variation was found in the prevalence of E. granulosus, with a strong propensity for clustering. The average size of clusters was 22.5 km. The probability of finding E. granulosus infection significantly increased with maximum temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall, and after accounting for individual and climatic var...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research

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Publication date: December 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, Volume 10Author(s): Lana Harriott, Matthew Gentle, Rebecca Traub, Rowland Cobbold, Ricardo Soares MagalhãesAbstractThe transmission of zoonotic pathogens associated with wildlife in peri-urban environments can be influenced by the interplay of numerous socioecological factors. Echinococcus granulosus is known to be common within peri-urban wild dog populations however knowledge of the factors that influence its presence is limited. We investigated the demographic distribution of adult cestode abundance (ACA: define...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Conclusions/SignificanceThose observations suggest that over decades socio-ecological changes resulted in a cascade of factors that exacerbated and then interrupted parasite emergence, with probable elimination of peri-domestic transmission ofE.multilocularis in this area, despite the relative proximity of large active transmission foci on the eastern Tibetan Plateau. This study case exemplifies how anthropogenic land use and behavioural changes can modify emergence events and the transmission of endemic zoonotic parasite infections, and subsequently the importance of considering processes over the long-term in a systems a...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2019Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Ana Vitória Verde Oliveira Rocha, Brenda Fernanda Sodré Moreno, Aline Diniz Cabral, Nayara Mendes Louzeiro, Leandro Macedo Miranda, Vivian Magalhães Brandão dos Santos, Francisco Borges Costa, Rita de Maria Seabra Nogueira, Arlei Marcili, Márcia Aparecida Sperança, Andréa Pereira da CostaAbstractVisceral leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Leishmania infantum for which dogs are the main reservoir. In South America, presence of this disease is expanding along with increasing d...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
ConclusionDifferences were noted between parasite species found in Mediterranean Europe and northern Europe, where a range of zoonotic parasites were endemic alongside sanitation-related parasites. We suggest that the scarcity of zoonotic parasites in southern Europe in the medieval period may reflect contrasts in climate between northern and southern Europe.SignificanceThe repeated identification of roundworm eggs suggests that al-Andalus was less hygienic than historically depicted. We did not note a difference between parasites found in Muslim and Christian regions of Iberia, and the predominance of parasites spread by ...
Source: International Journal of Paleopathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Abstract Unawareness of canine parasitic diseases among at-risk hosts and an uncontrolled program of stray dog population have caused that zoonotic parasites received great attention in endemic regions of the Middle East. A total of 552 faecal samples were collected between December 2016 to January 2018 from stray (n = 408) and domestic (n = 144) dogs of Iran. All specimens were coproscopically observed following concentration and flotation techniques. Subsequently, the DNAs of taeniid eggs were extracted, amplified, and sequenced by targeting of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit...
Source: Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis Source Type: research
ConclusionHydatid disease should be thought when patients present with mass lesion in any part of the body especially in endemic areas. The most important step in the diagnosis is to exclude the presence of other cysts in other parts of the body.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionHydatid disease should be thought when patients present with mass lesion in any part of the body especially in endemic areas. The most important step in the diagnosis is to exclude the presence of other cysts in other parts of the body.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Alveolar echinococcosis is a dangerous zoonotic disease caused by larval forms of Echinococcus multilocularis. In its life-cycle, the principal definitive host is the red fox; however, domesticated carnivorous an...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Jeiczon Jaimes-Dueñez, Carolina Zapata-Zapata, Omar Triana-Chávez, Ana M. Mejía-JaramilloAbstractSurra is a zoonotic disease caused by Trypanosoma evansi, affecting the health and production of the livestock significantly. There are several methods to diagnose this disease, which have different principles, sensitivity, and specificity. Among them, the serological techniques using T. evansi as antigen are powerful tools for its epidemiological surveillance. However, they are poorly used due to inefficient in ...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 June 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Giovanni Sgroi, Antonio Varcasia, Giorgia Dessi, Nicola D'Alessio, Claudia Tamponi, Urmas Saarma, Teivi Laurimäe, Liina Kinkar, Mario Santoro, Vincenzo Caputo, Paolo Sarnelli, Giovanna Fusco, Paolo Varuzza, Alessandro Fioretti, Antonio Scala, Vincenzo VenezianoAbstractCystic Echinococcosis (CE) caused by Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) is one of the most important parasitic zoonotic diseases in the world and it represents an important public health and socio-economic concern. In the ...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
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