Diagnosis and epidemiology of Leishmania infantum in domestic cats in an endemic area of the Amazon region, Brazil
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2019Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Ana Vitória Verde Oliveira Rocha, Brenda Fernanda Sodré Moreno, Aline Diniz Cabral, Nayara Mendes Louzeiro, Leandro Macedo Miranda, Vivian Magalhães Brandão dos Santos, Francisco Borges Costa, Rita de Maria Seabra Nogueira, Arlei Marcili, Márcia Aparecida Sperança, Andréa Pereira da CostaAbstractVisceral leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Leishmania infantum for which dogs are the main reservoir. In South America, presence of this disease is expanding along with increasing dispersion of its principal vector, the sand-fly Lutzomyia longipalpis. Feline leishmaniasis is an emerging disease in domestic cats, but epidemiological studies in endemic areas of the Amazon region of Brazil are scarce and the role of cats as reservoirs of L. infantum has been debated. The aim of this study was to investigate L. infantum infection in cats living in the Amazon biome region, using serological and molecular methods. A total of 105 cats were subjected to clinical examination and blood samples were taken for immunofluorescent-antibody (IFAT) serological evaluation, to determine anti-Leishmania antibody titers. Conventional PCR and Sanger’s sequencing targeting L. infantum chitinase and Leishmania species ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1) encoding genes were performed on conjunctival swabs from these cats. Seropositivity was det...
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Genetics and GenomicsAuthor(s): Chengqi Wang, Justin Gibbons, Swamy R. Adapa, Jenna Oberstaller, Xiangyun Liao, Min Zhang, John H. Adams, Rays H.Y. Jiang
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Ícaro Boszczowski, Francisco Chiaravalloti Neto, Marta Blangiardo, Oswaldo Santos Baquero, Geraldine Madalosso, Denise Brandão de Assis, Thais Olitta, Anna S. Levin
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian StudiesAuthor(s): Natália Freire Valente, Eliezer de Sousa Cardoso, Juliana Alencar da Silva Resende, Jeferson Antônio Santos
CONCLUSION: When gastroenterologists encounter NAFLD/NASH patients, serum CK should be verified. If hyperCKemia, frontal baldness, a hatched face, history of cataract surgery, and grip myotonia are noted, the possibility of MD may be considered. PMID: 33033573 [PubMed]
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Mateus Meira Vasconcelos, João Paulo Jordão Pontes, Alexandre de Menezes Rodrigues, Demócrito Ribeiro de Brito Neto, Rodrigo Rodrigues Alves, Fernando Cássio do Prado Silva, Denis Fabiano de Souza
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Nilgun Kavrut Ozturk, Ali Sait Kavakli, Ulku Arslan, Guzin Aykal, Murat Savaş
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Hande Gurbuz Aytuluk, Kemal Tolga Saracoglu
Ministry has already collected 258 packages from almost all of Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: As the present study was the first investigation on the coagulation status in patients with AA, elevated D-dimer levels in alopecia areata may suggest a deficient coagulation in these patients that may contribute to an increase in the risk of thrombosis. Further studies are needed to evaluate this hypothesis using a larger sample size. PMID: 33034439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study aimed to evaluate in vitro and in vivo the wound healing effects of babassu oil. In vitro, babassu oil increased the migration of L929 fibroblasts, inhibited the production of nitric oxide by LPS-stimulated peritoneal macrophages, and increased the levels of INF-γ and IL-6 cytokines production. In vivo, babassu oil accelerated the healing process in a full-thickness splinted wound model, by an increase in the fibroblasts number, blood vessels, and collagen deposition in the wounds. The babassu oil also increased the recruitment of inflammatory cells into the wound site and showed an anti-inflammatory effec...