Challenges Facing the Detection of Colonic Polyps: What Can Deep Learning Do?

Challenges Facing the Detection of Colonic Polyps: What Can Deep Learning Do? Medicina (Kaunas). 2019 Aug 12;55(8): Authors: Azer SA Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common causes of cancer mortality in the world. The incidence is related to increases with age and western dietary habits. Early detection through screening by colonoscopy has been proven to effectively reduce disease-related mortality. Currently, it is generally accepted that most colorectal cancers originate from adenomas. This is known as the "adenoma-carcinoma sequence", and several studies have shown that early detection and removal of adenomas can effectively prevent the development of colorectal cancer. The other two pathways for CRC development are the Lynch syndrome pathway and the sessile serrated pathway. The adenoma detection rate is an established indicator of a colonoscopy's quality. A 1% increase in the adenoma detection rate has been associated with a 3% decrease in interval CRC incidence. However, several factors may affect the adenoma detection rate during a colonoscopy, and techniques to address these factors have been thoroughly discussed in the literature. Interestingly, despite the use of these techniques in colonoscopy training programs and the introduction of quality measures in colonoscopy, the adenoma detection rate varies widely. Considering these limitations, initiatives that use deep learning, particularly convolutional neural network...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 21 November 2019Source: Journal of Cancer PolicyAuthor(s): Brandon Maser, Lisa M. Force, Paola Friedrich, Federico Antillon, Ramandeep S. Arora, Cristian A. Herrera, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Rifat Atun, Avram DenburgAbstractTo help understand how health systems and sociopolitical contexts intersect with and impact the performance of childhood cancer care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), we have developed a systems-level framework for analyzing the performance of LMIC childhood cancer programs within their health system contexts: The Paediatric Oncology System Integration Tool...
Source: Journal of Cancer Policy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Future Oncology, Ahead of Print.
Source: Future Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals, Ahead of Print.
Source: Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals, Ahead of Print.
Source: Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Date: Thursday, 12 19, 2019; Speaker: Cristine Delnevo, Ph.D., M.P.H., F.A.A.H.B., Director, Center for Tobacco Studies, Society and Policy Rutgers School of Public Health; Nir Eyal, D.Phil, Director, Center for Population-Level Bioethics (CPLB), Society and Policy Rutgers School of Public Health; https://epi.grants.cancer.gov/events/enrich-forum/
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Date: Tuesday, 12 03, 2019; Speaker: Erikka Loftfield, Ph.D., M.P.H., Research Fellow, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics (NCI); https://metabolomics-sig.nih.gov/events.html
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
CONCLUSION: This mini-review will explain the present research status of Apigenin and will further throw some light on how Apigenin performs its anti-cancerous actions by interfering with the key cell-signaling pathways. PMID: 31746310 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Recent Pat Anticancer Drug Discov Source Type: research
ConclusionSquamous cell carcinomas have been described in Lynch syndrome and Muir-Torre syndrome in two studies and two case reports. This new case further supports a possible relationship between Lynch syndrome and squamous cell carcinoma.
Source: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This report highlights the need for the follow-up colonoscopy after endoscopic resection and rethinking our resection procedures to improve treatment.
Source: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Case Report Case Reports Source Type: research
This report highlights the need for the follow-up colonoscopy after endoscopic resection and rethinking our resection procedures to improve treatment. PMID: 26538462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Colorectal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Jpn J Clin Oncol Source Type: research
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