Association of genetic and environmental risks for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder with hypomanic symptoms in youths - Hosang GM, Lichtenstein P, Ronald A, Lundstr öm S, Taylor MJ.

IMPORTANCE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder are highly comorbid, with significantly associated symptoms. The mechanisms that account for their co-occurrence are not known. OBJECTIVE: To examine the degree to whi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Meng-Chuan Lai, Caroline Kassee, Richard Besney, Sarah Bonato, Laura Hull, William Mandy, Peter Szatmari, Stephanie H AmeisSummaryBackgroundCo-occurring mental health or psychiatric conditions are common in autism, impairing quality of life. Reported prevalences of co-occurring mental health or psychiatric conditions in people with autism range widely. Improved prevalence estimates and identification of moderators are needed to enhance recognition and care, and to guide future research.MethodsIn this systematic review and meta-analysis...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
The diagnostic entity of bipolar disorder has evolved substantially over time, in particular in children and adolescents. The introduction of hypomania as a diagnostic entity in DSM-III-R broadened the definition of bipolar disorder to include patients with symptoms of mania of shorter duration without significant impairment, and subsequent work has demonstrated substantial morbidity in patients with bipolar II disorder due to the predominance of depressive episodes. The broadening of the concept of bipolar disorder in youth has been much more controversial. Previous research has established that many adults with bipolar d...
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We obtained novel evidence for shared biological mechanisms that act across psychiatric disorders and we showed that several gene sets that have been related to individual disorders play a role in a broader range of psychiatric disorders. PMID: 31328717 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: Bipolar disorder is common among primary care patients presenting with depression; it is often treated exclusively in primary care. Clinicians should be alert for symptoms of bipolar disorder in undiagnosed patients, know what symptoms probabilistically suggest bipolar versus unipolar depression, have expertise in providing ongoing treatment to diagnosed patients, and be knowledgeable about managing common medication-related side effects and comorbidities. Prompt and accurate diagnosis is critical. PMID: 31311335 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
This study aims to examine the association between early gestational maternal C-reactive protein (CRP), prospectively assayed in stored maternal sera and the risk of ADHD in offspring. This study is based on the Finnish Prenatal studies of ADHD (FIPS-ADHD) with a nested case –control design. It includes all singleton-born children in Finland between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 1999 and diagnosed with ADHD. A total of 1079 cases and equal number of controls were matched on date of birth, sex and place of birth. Maternal CRP levels were assessed using a latex immun oassay from archived maternal serum specimens, co...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Suicidal risks were high in mood disorders: ideation was highest with BD type II, attempts and suicides (especially violent) with BD type I. Several risk factors for suicidal acts differed between BD versus MDD patients.Declaration of interestNo author or immediate family member has financial relationships with commercial entities that might appear to represent potential conflicts of interest with the information presented. PMID: 31292010 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
DiscussionAs psychotherapy is among the treatments of choice for most adult psychiatric disorders, a systematic review evaluating the benefits and harms of short-term compared with long-term psychotherapy is urgently needed. It is the hope that this review will be able to inform best practice in treatment and clinical research of these highly prevalent and burdensome disorders.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42019128535
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Geoffroy PA, Micoulaud Franchi JA, Lopez R, Schroder CM, membres du consensus Mélatonine SFRMS Abstract Melatonin is a hormone secreted by the pineal gland at night. This hormone has many physiological functions, the main one being to synchronise individuals' biological rhythms. Exogenous melatonin has the same chronobiotic action, even at small doses (0.125mg). In addition, a sleep-inducing (soporific) action appears to occur in a dose-effect relationship, i.e. as the dose increases. In psychiatric disorders, these two effects could have interesting applications in clinical practice. The French ins...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is common in bipolar disorder and associated with worse outcomes. Cognitive testing might be a tool to identify this group. Here we compare the neuropsy...
Source: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine clinical and neurophysiological correlates of ADHD symptoms in major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BP). A total of 67 subjects with mood disorder, current depressive episode (38 subjects with MDD and 29 subjects with BP depression) were included in the analysis. Resting quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) recordings were collected under eyes closed condition. ADHD symptoms, depression, anxiety, and lifetime hypomania were evaluated using self-report questionnaires. In MDD, ADHD symptoms did not show significant associations with anxiety and depression. In BP, ADHD sympto...
Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
More News: ADHD | Bipolar | Environmental Health | Genetics | Hyperactivity | International Medicine & Public Health | Mania