Attitudes of Clinicians about Screening Head and Neck Cancer Survivors for Lung Cancer Using Low-Dose Computed Tomography.

CONCLUSIONS: While clinicians feel that LDCT LCS may benefit some HNC survivors, there are barriers both to implementing LCS SDM for these patients in primary care as currently recommended and to integrating it into cancer clinics. Challenges for SDM across settings include a lack of decision aids tailored to patients with cancer histories. Given recommendations to broaden LCS eligibility criteria, more research may be required before refinement of current guidelines. PMID: 31409114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Source Type: research

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Authors: Pennisi PA, Fernández MC, Martin A Abstract Pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas (PCCs/PGLs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors, developed from chromaffin cells derived from the neural crest. From a genetic point of view PCCs/PGLs are divided as sporadic cases, and inherited cases as part of hereditary (familial) syndromes. While the majority is benign, up to 26% of PCCs/PGLs will undergo malignant transformation. Validated prognostic pathological parameters for malignant PCCs/PGLs are still lacking. Signaling that follows the interactions between IGFs and their receptor/s in tumor cells received extensive ...
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe method was used successfully to process a large dataset to classify atrophy, to measure alveolar height parameters, and to quantify maxillary sinus volume, bottom volume and pneumatisation.Clinical relevanceApart from the anthropometric value of the generated dataset, the method could be applied to provide additional and more accurate data to assess the necessity of bone augmentation in the context of three-dimensional planning before implantation.
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Authors: Guo FF, Jiang MM, Hong LL, Qiao B, Lin XM, Xu WY, Fu XQ Abstract Since this article has been suspected of research misconduct and the corresponding authors did not respond to our request to prove originality of data and figures, "Long non-coding RNA OR3A4 promotes metastasis of ovarian cancer via inhibiting KLF6, by F.-F. Guo, M.-M. Jiang, L.-L. Hong, B. Qiao, X.-M. Lin, W.-Y. Xu, X.-Q. Fu, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (6): 2360-2365-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201903_17380-PMID: 30964160" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.e...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: de Sire A, Losco L, Cisari C, Gennari A, Boldorini R, Fusco N, Cigna E, Invernizzi M Abstract OBJECTIVE: Axillary web syndrome (AWS) is a complication of surgical procedures in breast cancer (BC) patients. This condition with poorly understood incidence and etiology is characterized by the locoregional development of scar tissue, leading to subcutaneous cording, motion impairment and pain. The early identification of patients at risk for AWS would improve their clinical management. Here, we sought to characterize the prevalence of and the risk factors associated with AWS in BC women after surgery. PATI...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Gallegos-Arreola MP, Ramírez-Hernández MA, Figuera LE, Zúñiga-González GM, Puebla-Pérez AM Abstract OBJECTIVE: The rs2234694 and 50 bp insertion/deletion (Ins/Del) polymorphisms of the SOD1 gene have been shown to be associated with many diseases, but in breast cancer (BC) their association has not been detected. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and association of SOD1 gene polymorphisms (rs2234694 and 50 bp Ins/Del) in BC patients in the Mexican population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SOD1 polymorphisms were determined by Polymerase Chai...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
The objective of this research was to estimate the incidence of malignancies in HIV patients and their surveillance. Age and sex-adjusted incidence was compared to the incidence calculated by the Spanish Cancer Registry network (REDECAN) in 2015. RESULTS: We included 2,773 patients (41,238 patients-year). Two hundred and eleven malignancies were diagnosed in 182 patients. Non-AIDS defining cancers accounted for 78.2% of the malignancies. The global incidence of cancer was 485 cases per 100,000 person-years. Twenty-year mortality rate was 31.2% in patients with cancer and 7.8% in patients without cancer. In men, adjuste...
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
Conclusion: Treatment with PD-1 inhibitors seems to have an efficacy signal and be well tolerated in PLWHIV, including impact on CD4+ lymphocyte count and HIV load, that should be monitored during treatment course (regarding real-life experience).
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: FAST TRACK Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Discussion Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 is an essential molecule for maintaining immune homeostasis and subverting inflammation. Disorders arising from excess inflammation or SOCS1 deficiency can be potentially treated with SOCS1 mimetics (Ahmed et al., 2015). While SOCS1 has promising potential in many disorders, it should be noted that new targets and actions of SOCS1 are still being discovered and not all the effects of this protein are beneficial in autoimmune diseases and cancer. For instance, SOCS1 degrades IRS1 and IRS2, required for insulin signaling, via the SOCS Box domain, thus, limiting its potential in ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewThe introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has revolutionized HIV infection management, resulting in improved outcomes and survival for people living with HIV (PLWH). However, as PLWH are living longer and aging, non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADCs) represent a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the HIV-infected population. Here, we review the epidemiology of NADCs in PLWH.Recent findingsCancer mortality among PLWH is much higher than that among the general population. Up to 10% of deaths among PLWH have been attributed to NADCs. Furthermore, PLWH have an increased risk for specifi...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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